Institute for Data, Systems, and Society, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA (email: roberto@csail.mit.edu) 2. 0000002903 00000 n 1 In broad outline, we follow the definition devised for the U.S. Department of Homeland Security: “Cybersecurity is the activity or process, ability or capability or state whereby information and communications systems and the information contained therein are protected from and/or defended against damage, unauthorized use or modification, or exploitation.” �20�0 fk6� 0000018269 00000 n Confidentiality Hacking • Is an attempt to circumvent or bypass the security ... terms of packets that can be admitted or let out. Information Leakage. 0000370074 00000 n 0000004031 00000 n Network and Data Security; Endpoint and mobile security; Email Security; Cloud Security; IoT Security; Security Glossary; Company. 0000353052 00000 n 6 59 Cyber Security is the process and techniques involved in protecting sensitive data, computer systems, networks and software applications from cyber attacks. 0000002765 00000 n Security Net Control Station A security net control system is a management system overseeing and controlling implementation of network security … Feel free to contact the endstream endobj 7 0 obj <> endobj 8 0 obj <> endobj 9 0 obj <>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC/ImageI]/ExtGState<>>> endobj 10 0 obj <> endobj 11 0 obj <> endobj 12 0 obj <> endobj 13 0 obj <> endobj 14 0 obj <> endobj 15 0 obj <> endobj 16 0 obj [/ICCBased 31 0 R] endobj 17 0 obj [/Indexed 16 0 R 15 32 0 R] endobj 18 0 obj [/Indexed 16 0 R 15 34 0 R] endobj 19 0 obj [/Indexed 16 0 R 15 36 0 R] endobj 20 0 obj [/Indexed 16 0 R 15 38 0 R] endobj 21 0 obj [/Indexed 16 0 R 255 40 0 R] endobj 22 0 obj [/Indexed 16 0 R 255 42 0 R] endobj 23 0 obj <>stream 0000375634 00000 n A Complete Glossary: 70+ Cyber Security Terms … endstream endobj 352 0 obj <>/Metadata 18 0 R/Pages 349 0 R/StructTreeRoot 23 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 353 0 obj <>/MediaBox[0 0 595.32 841.92]/Parent 349 0 R/Resources<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 354 0 obj <>stream Y>�N�6�0X�q��5�l@���2����30�0 ;(� The global cyber threat continues to evolve at a rapid pace, with a rising number of data breaches each year. 10 tape rotation A backup rotation scheme in which ten backup tapes are used over the course of two Cyber attacks come in many shapes and sizes, but … Interdisciplinary Communication with Standardized Cyber Security Terminology: A Literature Review,” IEEE Access, Volume 4, 2016 1.1 Motivation Cyber security is a popular field of study with a growing body of research, though it is still in its nascence relative to other fields [77,78]. 0000004120 00000 n A report by RiskBased Securityrevealed that a shocking 7.9 billion records have been exposed by data breaches in the first nine months of 2019 alone. Related: Read through 50 noteworthy cybercrime statistics. Clickfraud. The process of granting or denying requests for access to systems, applications and information. For example, a phisher may … Cyber Security Terms: Must-Know List. 0000008950 00000 n 0000003943 00000 n ��|fw�Hֻ`��mV/&{��S���`r�^"Y��$c�jy�,r�v?V� $��10120�� �%iH�g`�> Glossary of Key Information Security Terms, which can also serve as a focal point for developing common terminology within the emergency management community. "Cybersecurity" is a set of techniques for protecting an organization’s digital infrastructure—including networks, systems, and applications—from being compromised by attackers and other threat actors. Unauthorized access − An unauthorized access is when someone gains access to a server, website, or other sensitive data using someone else's account details.. Hacker − Is a Person who tries and exploits a computer system for a reason which can be money, a social cause, fun etc. This section of the ISM provides a glossary of cyber security terms. 6 0 obj <> endobj ^��d�ڷ���R��V��F;��I�|��7��ɨ�~��o�d��?�u�{.4ѫ�bc�Z?�������ُ��+�ѱ޶�n[���m��۩Ѕ*{���&�=����D��_G_� >h���1��W Application(s) An application is a small software program that runs on your computer and accomplishes one specific task. 0000306081 00000 n �h�h���j��z���b:_�о��q��aھ���}r�2A��H&�&��`�BW��h(�mB�"�E This list includes terms we hear security professionals using at SecureWorld regional cybersecurity conferences every year, and some we've heard once or twice over the years. 0000004165 00000 n Cybersecurity Terminology Botnet (also zombies) ‐A collection of computers subject to control by an outside party, usually without the knowledge of the owners, using secretly installed software robots. We’re here to make this learning curve easier by providing a list of the 25 most important cyber security terminology that everyone should know: 1. For 50 years and counting, ISACA ® has been helping information systems governance, control, risk, security, audit/assurance and business and cybersecurity professionals, and enterprises succeed. Organization and … cyber security and introduce some terms . Cyber Security - A Glossary of Terms. &`����֨`�C��~��={�WJ����媳N(�����>�_�������z�9n pЍQ Cyber Security Terminology Dr. Nilu Singh Assistant Professor School of Computer Applications Babu Banarasi Das 1. 2. 0000305629 00000 n This figure is more than double (112%) the number of records exposed in the same period in 2018. 0000234553 00000 n 0000375853 00000 n 0000012936 00000 n Security+ Terminology 3-leg perimeter A type of DMZ where a firewall has three legs that connect to the LAN, the Internet, and the DMZ. Access Cross Domain Solution. A security control that is implemented in an information system. We welcome your comments and experiences on using the Lexicon. 433 0 obj <>stream 0000003864 00000 n Adware can be defined as a bundle of programs that is designed to bombard users with advertisements. 0000004075 00000 n 0000370322 00000 n Department of Political Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA . Internet of Things (IoT) devices are rapidly becoming ubiquitous while IoT services are becoming pervasive. Often this is done with the intent of then selling their services to help correct the security failure so black hats cannot gain entry and/or access for more devious and harmful purposes. Is there a better place to start? Cyber Security. Also, this list will make you more aware of the threats that lie in wait for you around every internet corner. This chapter contains a glossary of abbreviations and cyber security terms used in the Australian Government Information Security Manual. 0000003437 00000 n h�b```������@��(�����};�����Ȫ:����^�� V�ѱm�CA��6J3Ů�% Glossary of cyber security terms The technical terms in this glossary are not comprehensive, they are intended only as a basic aid to understanding the pages on this website. 0000234454 00000 n H��W�nG��+jIQ�� 0I���.�,�,(�-�C�65���9��j�춇T&A`��QU���:3j�f.�� Indianapolis,IN: Pearson Education Inc., 2015. 1. 64 0 obj <>stream Breach View CyberSecurity-20 (1).pdf from BASIC ELEC 40610 at University of Notre Dame. Glossary of cyber security terms. Learn more about common and not so common cybersecurity terminology. cyber resilience The ability to adapt to disruptions caused by cyber security incidents while maintaining continuous business operations. Cyber Security Governance Federal Guidelines Impact and Limitations of Laws Relating to Cyber Security **002 In this section we're going to talk-- we're going to start with an overview of . PDF Download: Get ISO 27001 certified first time; Whitepaper: Building the Business Case for ISMS; ISMS Software Solutions – The Key Considerations; Blog; Close; Partners; FAQs ; Contact; Book Your Demo; Login; Safely move on from COVID-19. 9[C���X([��n�>$?������3��. View CyberSecurity-20 (1).pdf from BASIC ELEC 40610 at University of Notre Dame. access control . ` �p Changing the key, i.e., replacing it by a new key. Breach Readers should refer to each document’s list of acronyms and abbreviations (typically found in an appendix) for … A set of programs that tell a computer to perform a task. guide of common cybersecurity terms. 10 tape rotation A backup rotation scheme in which ten backup tapes are used over the course of two Inside(r) Threat A person or group of persons within an organisation who pose a potential risk through violating security policies. 0000392514 00000 n Cyber Security is the process and techniques involved in protecting sensitive data, computer systems, networks and software applications from cyber attacks. 0000015576 00000 n Account harvesting - Is the process of collecting all the legitimate account names on a system. Cyber Security Terminology: A Literature Review RAMIREZ, ROBERT1, CHOUCRI, NAZLI. Accounting Legend Code Accounting legend code (ALC) is the numeric code assigned to communications security (COMSEC) material. In this chapter, we will discuss about the different terminology used in Computer Security. 0000305222 00000 n 0000391749 00000 n 0000014278 00000 n Introduction to Cyber-Security C4DLab June , 2016 Christopher, K. Chepken (PhD) CyberSecurity. <<35D7CBB1495C4145A030CF9341E2D186>]>> Many cloud platforms and services are proprietary, making it difficult to migrate to another provider. 0000386390 00000 n Daily occurrences demonstrate the risk posed by cyber attackers—from individual, opportunistic hackers, to professional and organized groups of cyber criminals with strategies for systematically stealing intellectual property and disrupting business. Common Cybersecurity Terminology from a Cyber Security Expert Scott Schober, Berkeley Varitronics Systems, Inc. CEO, Cyber Security Expert and author, appears regularly on Bloomberg TV, Fox Business & Fox News, CNBC, CNN, CTV News, CGTN, The Blaze, Arise TV, PIX11 as well as local and syndicated Radio including NPR and Sirius/XM & Bloomberg Radio. 0000353337 00000 n Can also refer to the process of granting or denying requests for access to facilities. Information Security Policy Regulations, rules, and practices that prescribe how an organisation manages, protects, and distributes information. 0000018368 00000 n Data - A term for information that is processed, stored or 0000010360 00000 n 0000001748 00000 n 0000000016 00000 n Technically speaking, it’s a collection of computers with large storage capabilities that remotely serve requests. Each letter starts with acronyms in alphabetical order, then full words. Cyber Explore Glossary Cloud Service Provider (CSP) Lock-in: The ease (or lack thereof) of moving data between providers or services. Glossary of abbreviations. Learning these computer security terms will help you better understand the importance of digital security. PDF | The growing demand for computer security, and the cyberization trend, are hallmarks of the 21st century. What is Cyber Essentials? 0000403620 00000 n New to the cybersecurity game? In 2013 [1] defined Cyber security as ": The ability to protect or defend the use of cyberspace from cyber-attacks." Cybersecurity Contingency Planning Glossary Anti-virus software Antivirus software is a type of software that is used to scan and remove viruses from a computer. Our community of professionals is committed to lifetime learning, career progression and sharing expertise for the benefit of individuals and organizations around the globe. Cybersecurity Glossary Anti-virus software Antivirus software is a type of software that is used to scan and remove viruses from a computer. 0000003304 00000 n 0000003987 00000 n trailer 2) Compromise. Cyber Security Terminology Glossary of abbreviations Abbreviation Meaning 3DES Triple Data Encryption Standard AACA ASD Approved Cryptographic Algorithm AACP ASD Approved Cryptographic Protocol ACE ASD Cryptographic Evaluation ACSC Australian Cyber Security Centre ACSI Australian Communications Security Instruction AES Advanced Encryption Standard AGAO Australian Government Access Only … Compiled by: Cyber Security Division, MISS-DND Page 3 of 130 Access type- The privilege to perform action on an object; Read, write, execute, append, modify, delete, and create are examples of access types. h��Ymo��+�x�6��p��%�ȵE���.��b��PG6$�p��}�\ٲD���IqI>�3�g(���VF{�N��h�'�6(��6*g mR�Fe�V�Z����H*9Fke���cet�@l���>6e8�䨌K@�I�09ie�FMҘ�H�6@J��H�A�Y���"� ��ȉX)*�"WJ���V�E�(J>�������D��5�@�p���c�E�`�Q���*#+���(�� )f�2/�9MN�8�tjd$�feT�^%���.9��Q�::yĊ�=Vz��q�����?��OZ:'s� 0000162432 00000 n The robots are spread by trojan horses and viruses. As we announced when the National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC) ... struggle to justify in terms of cost. 4݀vU��2��D 351 0 obj <> endobj Cyber security terms can be confusing. The robots are spread by trojan horses and viruses. This cybersecurity terms dictionary will bring some clarity in those words you encountered but couldn’t grasp. Data Breach; Malware; Phishing; Social Engineering; DDoS; Identity Theft; Spam; Controls. 0000001476 00000 n 0000375374 00000 n 1 In broad outline, we follow the definition devised for the U.S. Department of Homeland Security: “Cybersecurity is the activity or process, ability or capability or state whereby information and communications systems and the information contained therein are protected from and/or defended against damage, unauthorized use or modification, or exploitation.” greater risk from cyber crime, then the 10 Steps to Cyber Security2 can further help your approach to cyber security. Cyber security is an important concern for every organization. This cybersecurity terms dictionary will bring some clarity in those words you encountered but couldn’t grasp. A security mechanism is a device designed to provide one or more security services usually rated in terms of strength of service and assurance of the design. 0000376150 00000 n A much more comprehensive Jargon Buster can be found on the government’s Get Safe Online website. 0000392217 00000 n Our goal is to encourage the creation of more effective legislation, standards and policies by encouraging broader understanding of how the accurate use of these terms ensures more effective cybersecurity programs. The main aim behind it is to redirect the user’s search requests to advertising websites and collect marketing data. 15 B %���6��@��@�Č@F7��e`����@,6��A�Q�I�A~���BKX��12749861�/�R�����eG����4�'�fz!H3206� dY` 0000001825 00000 n Software. Phishing is one of the most common hacking terminology used by security people. The time or phase difference between the data signal and the ideal clock. endstream endobj startxref b{v�*T �լT���M�{��H$�\1��S���q��J#��V(�T��"��: �!F��T�pN7i� �qnV�T���0�$��ܵ(�8 2N��mB�dj�4 Qt ��:�D��j� a glossary of common cybersecurity terminology on its website, including commonly used acronyms. . A violation of the security policy of a system such that an unauthorized disclosure, modification, or destruction of sensitive information has occurred. Cyber Security Terminology (December 2020).pdf. Updated code from Microsoft that addresses a specific security problem. A. %PDF-1.4 %���� Cyber Security - The body of technologies, processes and practices designed to protect networks, computers, programmes and data from attack, damage or unauthorised access. A phisher disguises as a trustworthy entity and contacts potential victims asking them to reveal information. It complements other lexicons such as the NISTIR 7298 Glossary of Key Information Security Terms. Compiled by: Cyber Security Division, MISS-DND Page 3 of 130 Access type- The privilege to perform action on an object; Read, write, execute, append, modify, delete, and create are examples of access types.