Posted by Tony Dunnell | Last updated May 23, 2018 | Culture & Society, Travel Tips & Info | 1 |. If you are in possession of more than the legal amount, well, you could be screwed. The age adjusted Death Rate is 2.25 per 100,000 of population ranks Peru #33 in the world. During the four-part docuseries' final episode, "Chelsea Does Drugs," the 40-year-old standup comic travels with two friends to Peru to try a drug known as … Tony Dunnell is a freelance travel writer living in Peru since 2009. The internal conflict in Peru is an ongoing armed conflict between the Government of Peru, and the Shining Path or "PCP-SL" and the Túpac Amaru Revolutionary Movement.The conflict began on 17 May 1980. Peru Drug Addiction Problem. In fact, Peru is not far behind Colombia in the amount of area being devoted to coca and in cocaine manufacture. You can see his writer portfolio at tonydunnell.com. But increasing quantities of drugs are remaining in Peru for domestic consumption. The 12 Highest Mountains in Peru: A Photo Tour, Packing for Peru: A List of What to Bring and What to Leave at Home. Crime, particularly drug-related crime, is an issue of special concern in Lima and in Peru more broadly. If a corrupt police officer stops you, those two grams could easily turn into a total nightmare. In Peru men have a higher rate of alcohol consumption than women, 16% and 4.9% respectively. They cover the rules, regulations, and potential punishments involved with the illicit trafficking of drugs, from cocaine production to the cultivation of marijuana to coercion to take drugs. image caption Michaella McCollum (left) and her fellow drug mule, Melissa Reid (right), were arrested at Lima airport in August 2013 McCollum and the … Drink it! PERU Two mule Michaella McCollum has opened up about her drug smuggling shame - as she revealed she was "stupid" to get seduced into making just £5,000 and thought Peru … In Peru it’s legal to chew coca leaves, drink ayahuasca and take San Pedro (from the Echinopsis pachanoi cactus), all of which are considered part of Peru’s traditional medicine. Peru: Drug Use. The police in Peru, including the serenazgo, see drug possession as a crime, regardless of the laws of possession. What does worry me a little is that very powerful drugs, such as cocaine hydrochloride, are very addictive, and if somebody is in possession of a couple of grams, it is quite possible that they may have a problem that needs counseling or some other for of intervention. According to Article 299 of the Peruvian penal code, possession of drugs is not punishable if possessed for personal and immediate consumption in quantities not exceeding: two grams of cocaine hydrochloride. you can read more about marijuana in Peru here, Legislation on drugs and the prison situation in Peru, videos about conditions in Peruvian prisons, drinking coca tea or chewing coca leaves can result in a positive drug test for cocaine, Day Trip from Lima: The Waterfalls of Huarochirí, Uphill and Down: A Female Porter’s Life on the Inca Trail, A Day Trip to Isla Foca in the Piura Region of Peru, Palccoyo: The Alternative Rainbow Mountain, 8 grams of marijuana or 2 grams of its derivatives (, 1 gram of opium latex or 200 milligrams of its derivatives, 250 milligrams of ecstasy, containing Methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA), Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), Methamphetamine or similar substances. In poor areas of Peru the prevalence of lifetime drug users are reported to be higher. Guerilla troops belonging to the Maoist group Shining Path have taken a page from the book of the FARC revolutionary forces in Colombia and are financing their activities with drug trafficking, extorting protection money from farmers and protecting smugglers. If you’re convicted of trafficking in illegal drugs, you could face a minimum of five years in prison and a maximum of 15. The illegal drug trade in Peru includes the growing of coca and the shipment of cocaine to the United States. By 2008, about half the world’s cocaine originated in Peru or Bolivia. Article 299 states that you cannot be punished for carrying the following drugs in Peru as long as they don’t exceed the specified quantities: One sneaky little sentence in at the end of Article 299 states the following: “The possession of two or more types of drugs is excluded from the scope of the provisions of the preceding paragraph.” In other words, the quantities above are officially OK and unpunishable, but if you have two or more of the drugs above, even in quantities below those stated, you’re breaking the law. For some of the smaller European markets, Peru and Bolivia are already the primary sources of cocaine. So if you get caught with a gram of cocaine and four grams of marijuana, you’re potentially in trouble. Peru does not allow for the indiscriminate aerial spraying of coca crops, and, like Colombia, faces an insurgency that lives off the drug trade. So what does all this mean for foreign tourists in Peru who purchase and carry the drugs listed above for personal use? var s = d.createElement(sc), p = d.getElementsByTagName(sc)[0]; According to this survey, marijuana is the most often consumed drug during lifetime (11.9%), followed by coca paste (3.7%) and cocaine (3.4%) (Zavaleta & Castro de la Matar, 2005). While the Shining Path guerrillas used drug proceeds to fortify their battle against the state, the group has grown weaker in recent years. The war on drugs has been an obvious failure, and it is clear that things need to change in order to stop criminalizing people who engage in recreational substance use, and still lead active and healthy lives. A fifth of the world’s cocaine is produced in one valley. To ask our team about any question regarding travel in Peru contact us here.. Peru is currently in the top three producers of coca bush in the world, with 62,500 hectares of its land being under cultivation in 2011. As a result, a person can graduate from the program into a new life free from drug use. He is the owner of New Peruvian and a contributor to publications such as Atlas Obscura, VICE and Paste Magazine. This is the way the Narconon drug and alcohol rehabilitation program works. He also notes that police in Peru consider people in possession of drugs to be potential traffickers – not just in possession of drugs for personal use – and will happily cart them off to the police station. In South America, it’s normally Colombia that comes to mind when you think of cocaine production. Peru is the world’s second-largest cocaine producer after Colombia. Learn how your comment data is processed. Well, it means you need to be careful. Not as progressive as Portugal, say, but far more forgiving than most other places. I have no answers, but I am a big believer of going back to natural sources, and when we talk about cocaine, of course we are talking about coca leaf as its genesis. Increasingly, the cocaine being shipped to Europe leaves Peru to make its way to Bolivia or Brazil for further transport by established drug cartels. The law on drugs does not punish drug use or drug possession for personal use by imprisonment. Eat it! Drug laws and legislative trends in Peru Peru is, along with Colombia, the largest producer of coca leaf and cocaine hydrochloride. Even if you are in possession of a supposedly legal amount, a police officer could decide otherwise and arrest you under suspicion of trafficking. 30% of the cases of alcohol A family of alleged drug dealers in Peru found themselves firmly on the naughty list this year as police officers dressed as Santa and an elf raided their home. And once at the police station, corruption and unlawful detention can raise their ugly heads. The Narconon program not only addresses the debilitating effects of drug abuse on the mind and body but also resolves why a person turned to drugs in the first place. Also be aware that drinking coca tea or chewing coca leaves can result in a positive drug test for cocaine. Be careful when you’re leaving Peru, however, as other countries might well have issues with all three if you try to bring them in. But in 2008, Peru was one of just eight countries that noted the destruction of clandestine opiate-processing labs so the industry was far from gone. In 2008, the head of the National Directorate National Institute of Culture of Peru acknowledged the drug as an important and protected component of the Peruvian traditional culture. Not just cocaine and coca base, but also amphetamines, opiates and cannabis abuse figures are increasing. })(document, 'script', '//aff.bstatic.com/static/affiliate_base/js/flexiproduct.js'); Join our mailing list to receive the latest news and updates from New Peruvian. 0.46. Chewed as per tradition, drunk as a tea, or simply eaten as a food, one finds that cocaine is irrelevant after coca leaf itself is introduced into their diet. A thorough detoxification followed by counseling and life skills training enables a person in a drug program to see things in a whole new light so they can live an enjoyable, productive life again. It is estimated that there have been nearly 70,000 deaths, making it the bloodiest war in Peruvian history, since the European colonization of the country. Don’t snort or smoke it!! Persons apprehended with cocaine or other illegal substances will face immediate arrest, long interrogations and imprisonment for up to 25 years often without the possibility of being extradited to your home country. Shining Path forces have been responsible for establishing coca processing labs in the jungles of Peru. s.src = u + '?v=' + (+new Date()); s.type = 'text/javascript'; Since the year 2000, successive Peruvian administrations have followed a drug policy focused on supply reduction through interdiction and eradication strategies. estimated 64,400 hectares under cultivation in 2011. LimaEasy is the Lima Guide for tourists, visitors and expats. I don’t need to mention the amount of damage cocaine has done across the world, there are volumes and volumes written about it. Your email address will not be published. p.parentNode.insertBefore(s,p); In the meantime, please share this post with your friends. Rate: World Rank: 2.25. Smaller farms are located in Aguaytia, Inambari-Tambopata, and Palcazi-Pichis-Pachitea, all of which have seen expansions of their operations since 2004. Here we’ll focus mainly on one short section called “Artículo 299° – Posesión no punible,” or in English “Article 299 – Unpunishable possession.” The article makes it pretty clear which common drugs are illegal in Peru above certain quantities, and which are legal in smaller quantities if they are for “one’s own and immediate consumption.”. If your comment requires an answer, I'll try to reply as soon as possible. Peru is the second largest coca and cocaine producer in the Andean region. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. In fact, this group almost disintegrated after their leader was arrested in 1992, but connections with drug trafficking groups enabled them to stage a comeback. Thanks Tony for this article, and for spelling out how, in a country of contrasts like Peru, the difference between published law and the implementation of such are two very different sides of the same coin. The 2013 World Drug Report named Peru as the world’s largest grower of coca bush with an . These figures are not just increasing in Peru, they are increasing across the Southern Cone (the lower part of South America). Buried deep in Peru’s penal code are the laws that deal with drugs in Peru. Addicts come from as far away as Europe to take part in these traditional methods. Narconon and the Narconon logo are trademarks and service marks owned by the Association for Better Living and Education International and are used with its permission. Peru is a major world producer of coca leaf and its derivatives. If people put a bit more thought into working backwards from that harmful molecule, and trace its origin all the way back to the plant it came from, they would discover that coca leaf provides powerful stimulation, protection from disease, and a host of other benefits with zero addictive potential. Peru is OPEN again after a huge drop in covid-19 cases in Peru! (function(d, sc, u) { By 2008, about half the world’s cocaine … Ayahuasca is known by many names throughout Northern South America and Brazil.. Ayahuasca is the hispanicized (traditional) spelling of a word in the Quechuan languages, which are spoken in the Andean states of Ecuador, Bolivia, Peru, and Colombia—speakers of Quechuan languages who use the modern Alvarado orthography spell it ayawaska. On the surface of it at least, Peru seems to have a much more relaxed approach to people carrying small quantities of one substance, which would get them into serious hot water in most other countries of the world. According to Jaime Antezana, an expert in public security and drug trafficking, Codo del Pozuzo is primarily a cattle-raising district. Assaults and shootings have taken place in restaurants, and there have been killings of merchants and workers in broad daylight, all of which has contributed to a … For example, in Las Pampas de San Juan de Miraflores, a In the UK, for example, the proportion of that country’s cocaine supply that originated in Colombia has been falling steadily since 2002. from 11% to 14%. Required fields are marked *. And while it’s unlikely you’ll end up being charged, it’ll still be a highly unpleasant experience. Pacifying the farmers, winning public support, and thus neutralizing the anti-US agitators in Peru made the fight against drugs an uncontroversial crusade that allowed authorities to focus on prosecuting the nation’s drug traffickers without opposition. The problem, however, is the “flexible” nature of laws and law enforcement in Peru. In South America, it’s normally Colombia that comes to mind when you think of cocaine production. In fact, Peru is not far behind Colombia in the amount of area being devoted to coca and in cocaine manufacture. In an example of the balloon effect, dramatic falls in coca cultivation in the late 1990s saw cultivation move to Colombia. Illegal drug trade in Peru. Coca crops in Peru could effectively be reduced to somewhere between 40,000 and 45,000 hectares, sufficient to satisfy the local cocaine market (in crescendo) and these local organizations (in the style of Lopez Paredes, Cachique Rivera and, most recently, Cristal). Pure potential cocaine production in Peru rose to a 25-year high in 2017, the White House said last year. • Prisons: 07 Drug Treatment and/or counseling Programs in Prisons: Most of them are located in Lima, the capital of Peru, one in the district of Chorrillos (Jail for Women), Lurigancho (Ward 16), San Jorge, Cañete for Men, Huancayo for Men, Arequipa for Men, Tacna for Women. According to the National Survey on Drug Consumption, 10.2% of all drug abuse cases are related to alcohol. A group of alleged drug dealers in Peru found themselves on the naughty list this year as police officers dressed as Santa and an elf raided their home. The laws and quantities above are fairly clear, and quite lenient compared to the drug laws of many other countries. Find out more about what makes Narconon different from any other rehab program in the world, Find out about the key to Narconon’s history of success, For counselors, drug rehabilitation professionals and concerned family members. In Peru it’s legal to chew coca leaves, drink ayahuasca and take San Pedro (from the Echinopsis pachanoi cactus), all of which are considered part of Peru’s traditional medicine. s.async = true; Drugs in Peru: The Laws of Possession. Alcohol consumption is a grave public health problem that is associated with psychosocial factors. There are 33 Therapeutic Communities in Lima alone, settings in which addicts can seek a sober lifestyle with the help of other recovering addicts. Your email address will not be published. In Peru, drug use is higher in the prison population than in the general population, and there are differences according to sex in the prevalence of drug use and associated factors prior to admission to a prison. More addiction treatment centers employ traditional Andean treatment methods involving the use of Ayahuasca, a hallucinogenic plant substance that is supposed to invoke dreams and visions that help addicts discover their reasons for becoming addicted. In the last decades, the strategy of Peruvian governments has been based in a policy of supply reduction through prohibition and forced eradication. In “Legislation on drugs and the prison situation in Peru,” Soberón Garrido writes that despite laws like those mentioned in Article 299, the law nonetheless “does not establish precise criteria for police action leaving room for police discretion, frequent cases of corruption, and abuse of persons who possess drugs merely for their own use.”. Ten tonnes of cocaine, marijuana, opiates and other illegal substances have been destroyed in Peru, as the government continues its war on drugs. The production, sale, trafficking and the possession of coca paste (paco) and cocaine are illegal in Peru, so are numerous other drugs. Booking.com Peru is the world’s second-largest cocaine producer after Colombia, according to Washington. Drugs and Conflict in Peru. The main growing areas in Peru are Alto Huallaga, Apuri?mac-Ene and La Convenci on y Lares, where large coca plantations are located. Peru has some amazing news! Narconon International Science Advisory Board. Join the New Peruvian mailing list to receive the latest news and updates from Peru. The underpinnings of this anti-drug policy are still in place. Disclaimer: Individual results are not guaranteed and may vary. Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress. So if you’re considering getting involved in the Peruvian drug trade, watch a few videos about conditions in Peruvian prisons, and then maybe you’ll change your mind. In 1998, there were enough poppy farms growing the flowers that provide opium that eradication efforts began. UNODC's alternative development programme works closely with the Government and farmers to provide viable alternatives to coca bush cultivation. If they think you are a drug dealer, you could find yourself in a cell for a few days. Thanks for commenting! This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. 6 Furthermore, Peru is the leading producer . The study demonstrated that childhood events, such as child abuse, having a family memb … Last updated: 27th November, 2019. LimaEasy gives information on all you need to know about Peru’s capital Lima including districts, weather, history, airport, safety, museum, historical buildings, huacas, churches, shopping and much more. Remember, when traveling around Peru, Peru Hop is the only company offering flexible date changes until 2024 at NO extra cost. The first year, just 4 hectares of poppies were eradicated, but this figure grew almost 40-fold to 155 hectares that were eradicated in 2001. Though cultivation of coca is not a criminal offence according to national law, peasant families are regularly subject to forced eradication and persecution by government agencies. Ricardo Soberón Garrido, a Peruvian lawyer and one of the founders of the Drugs and Human Rights Research Center in Lima, has written extensively about just these kind of issues surrounding possession of drugs for personal use. Deaths % 679. According to the latest WHO data published in 2018 Drug Use Deaths in Peru reached 679 or 0.46% of total deaths. Only last month in Peru, Canadian tourist Sebastian Woodroffe was lynched by a mob who claimed he killed a local medicine woman teaching him the ways of … Eradication fell to 32 hectares in 2009. Be careful when you’re leaving Peru, however, as other countries might well have issues with all … Roughly half of Peru’s cocaine exports have been ferried eastward on this “air bridge,” police say, since the rugged Andean nation became the world’s leading producer of the drug in 2012. 33.