The Chinese plum (Prunus mume) is a rare ornamental tree that has been cultivated in China and Korea for more than 1,000 years. On Citation Rootstock which is tolerant of wet soil, induces early dormancy in dry soil, is very winter hardy, resists root knot nematodes, and produces a 12'-18' tree. Cottage/Informal, Flavouring food and drinks, Low Maintenance, Specimen tree. Preventative and curative treatments are available to ward off this pest. Plant a Japanese plum tree in full sun, and make sure you provide rich, well-draining soil with a pH range of 5.5 to 6.5. These trees are hardy and many are also self-fertile. Suggested uses. Below is a list of our Japanese plum variety offerings. The plums are the most commonly eaten fresh plum thanks to their juicy, sweet taste. Don’t go nuts on the pruning in the first couple of years. above ground level. The fruit is larger, rounder and firmer than its European counterpart. Plums, Prunoideae, are a sub-member of the family Rosaceae, of which all stone fruits such as peach, cherry and apricot are members. The Damson is often grouped with the European plums, but botanists classify it as a separate species. You may want to prune any branches that cross in the middle or grow straight through the center of the tree to increase aeration, which allows for better fruit set as well as easier picking. Good choices for companion pollinating plum trees are, of course, another Satsuma or one of the following: This plum varietal will reach a height of about 12 feet (3.7 m.). of a 10-10-10 or 12-12-12 fertilizer every year. The tree might also do well in a partially shady planting site, but it might affect the fruiting phase. Consider growing plums as fans against a south-, south-west or west-facing wall or fence in less favourable situations. Grown in moist, neutral, well-drained, moderately fertile soil in full sun. It will also grow well in most climates. Fertilize Japanese plum trees with 1 to 3 lbs. Juicier, but not quite as sweet as its European cousin, ‘Satsuma’ is a large, dark red, sweet plum prized for canning and eating right off the tree. Broken, diseased, or dead branches are typically removed in order to prevent decay-producing fungi from infecti… By pruning you can keep your tree at any height. When your tree is dug up from our fields to be shipped to you, the root ball loses many of its tiny feeder roots, which are needed to absorb moisture and nutrients. This will aid in drainage and add necessary nutrient into the soil. Hold the Japanese plum tree vertical in the hole, once you are sure it is sitting at the proper planting depth. After they establish themselves in your garden, your loquat only requires minimal maintenance throughout the growing season. They are listed alphabetically for quick and easy reference. Avoid planting in frost pockets. Mound the filled soil in around the top of the root ball and tamp down with your hands. Don't plant it in a lawn or with other plants that require frequent irrigation. If you would like to view our Japanese plum varieties listed in order of ripening please use the Maturity Chart link provided on the right. Also, some varieties of European plum can be dried, but this is not true for Japanese varieties, and some types of Japanese plum are useful as hedge-rows in landscaping , unlike the larger, more upright growing European cultivars. Position the tree in the hole with the top of the graft union between 3-4 inches (7.6-10 cm.) Snip off any broken branches or broken roots on the Japanese plum tree. Cephalotaxus harringtonia, most commonly known as the Japanese plum yew, is an evergreen shrub native to Japan, northeastern China, and Korea.The attractive foliage and ease of care have also made it popular for landscaping. Roots spread in planting hole. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Some varieties of Japanese plum trees require another tree for pollination. Cultivation. Only 12 left in stock - order soon. Create a conical mound of soil in the center of the planting hole that is approximately 8 to 9 inches high. Japanese plums tend to flower particularly early and frost protection is usually need. This will aid in drainage and add necessary nutrient into the soil. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, plum-tree in blossom image by Maria Brzostowska from, Sunset Plant Finder: Information on Plum Varieties, National Gardening Association: Planting Plum Trees, University of Georgia: Growing Plum Trees. You will need to select a full sun area, which is large enough to accommodate two trees. Let the water completely drain back before proceeding. Once plum fruit appear in summer, thin out the plums to help prevent limbs from breaking due to excess weight. Thin the plums down to about 4 to 6 inches apart from one another. We are looking at a tree at Richard Ardoin's house in Eunice La. Scoop in more soil until the planting hole is about 1/2 full of soil. Katelyn Lynn has been writing health and wellness articles since 2007. This can can help plump up the roots. Then, fill the remainder of the planting hole with soil. I positioned the new plum tree in the planting hole, taking care to ensure that the roots were spread out as evenly as possible. As mentioned, Satsuma Japanese plum tree produces fruit that is most commonly eaten fresh. If the root system of the bare-root Japanese plum appears dried out, soak it in a bucket of water for 30 minutes to one hour prior to planting. Plums are usually trained as an open-centred bush tree with a clear stem of 75cm (2½ft). This will eliminate any air pockets around the root system. 3.1 out of 5 stars 4. Its compact size makes it ideal for small yards and gardens. Japanese plum "Burgundy" (P. salicina "Burgundy"), needs 250 to 350 hours between 32 and 45 degrees Fahrenheit each winter to set fruit. Japanese plum is a common name for several trees producing edible fruits and may refer to: Prunus mume; Prunus salicina; Loquat (Eriobotrya japonica) See also. Prepare your soil as soon as it is workable in the spring and amend it with plenty of organic compost. The Japanese plum tree (Prunus salicina) is a medium-sized fruit-producing tree, typically growing to about 15 to 20 feet in height. Grown in moist, neutral, well-drained, moderately fertile soil in full sun. Prepare your soil as soon as it is workable in the spring and amend it with plenty of organic compost. Sign up for our newsletter. Use aged manure, compost, leaf mold or similar material. Tree forms. Then, slowly scoop in a few shovelfuls of soil. One inch (2.5 cm.) Give your plum tree plenty of space for roots as well as crown – 10 to 20 feet between trees is recommended. After this time, you can add 2/3 cup (160 ml.) FREE Shipping by Amazon. of organic fertilizer or well-aged manure in March of the first and second year, in addition to one cup (240 ml.) Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. You will need more than one Satsuma if you want them to bear fruit. The graft union is typically marked by a slightly bulging nodule where the stem of the plum tree meets the top of the root ball. A "Bruce" plum tree is similar to most fruit trees in that it does best when planted in full sun. It’s better to water during the day, since nights tend to be much cooler. Create a conical mound of soil in the center of the planting hole that is approximately 8 to 9 inches high. According to the National Gardening Association, you should plant plum trees with the graft union 1 inch above the soil line. The strong similarities between wild and domestic trees, and between the descriptions of ancient writers and observations today make this fruit tree noted for its remarkable consistency. Dig a hole three times larger than the root ball of the tree. Pruning: Japanese Plum Trees If you have a Japanese variety, the best pruning method is to create an “open center” shape, where the central trunk is cut short and several large branches radiate outwards from it’s tip. Dig a hole three times larger than the root ball of the tree. One of the earliest blooming fruit trees, it flowers in late winter into the early spring with a multitude of aromatic, white blossoms. Amazon.com: japanese plum tree. Japanese plum trees are frost sensitive, so an area that lends them some protection is a good idea. Prunus salicina 'Methley' (Japanese plum 'Methley') will reach a height of 6m and a spread of 6m after 5-10 years. Place the bare-root Japanese plum into the planting hole. This species has been cultivated in a number of locations from the United States to Europe, where it has been used in gardens for nearly 200 years. Feb 10, 2018 - Explore Cathey Hardeman's board "Plum tree care" on Pinterest. Prunus salicina 'Lizzie' (Japanese plum 'Lizzie') will reach a height of 4m and a spread of 4m after 5-10 years. of calcium nitrate in March and August. Apply 1 pound (0.5 kg.) Some of our favorite midsummer fruit! In the spring, fertilize with a 10-10-10 food and then again in the early summer. [1] It may be an ancestor of the European plum. ! Simply sprinkle a handful of fertilizer around the base of the plum and water in well. In the summer of the first year, cut the vigorous shoots that form on the top of the tree by two or three buds. How To Plant, Prune, Fertilize, Water And Care For A Japanese Plum Yew (Cephalotaxus) Posted by Brent Wilson on 9/29/2016 to Fertilizing & Watering Tips When planted right and in the right spot, Japanese Plum Yews, scientifically known as Cephalotaxus harringtonia , are exceptionally easy to grow. If you want a juicy plum to eat right off the tree, the choice is most likely a Satsuma Japanese plum tree. Japanese plum flavor ranges from sweet to tart. Japanese Varieties. Get it as soon as Mon, Sep 14. Japanese plums originated in China, not Japan, but were brought to the U.S. via Japan in the 1800’s. Caring for Your Loquat Tree. Prunus mume is an East Asian and Southeast Asian tree species classified in the Armeniaca section of the genus Prunus subgenus Prunus.Its common names include Chinese plum, Japanese plum, and Japanese apricot.The flower, long a beloved subject in the traditional painting and poetry of East Asia and Vietnam, is usually called plum blossom. Dig out a planting hole for the bare-root Japanese plum that is approximately 18 to 24 inches wide and about 16 to 18 inches deep. Lynn is a certified holistic health practitioner who specializes in orthomolecular medicine and preventative modalities. Like most tropical evergreens trees, a sweet plum bonsai should remain indoors when the low temperatures reach 45 degrees F. Make sure your sweet plum tree gets at least 6 hours of quality sunlight while indoors, either through a grow light or a southern window. She is pursuing a Bachelor of Science in health sciences from TUI University and has extensive experience in botany and horticulture. Most Japanese plum varieties need a pollinator tree of a different type in order to set fruit. Japanese plum trees grow vigorously and require high pruning and fruit thinning. Finish filling in with soil. Spread the soil in and around the roots of the Japanese plum tree using your hands. Our productive Japanese plum trees bear fruit with wonderful, unique flavor. It is LOADED ~~~!!!! If you have space for only one tree, go with a European plum tree. They must be pruned lightly during the growing season so that the tree acquires the desired shape. When your Stark Bro’s bare root tree arrives, our professionals have already pre-pruned your tree for you. GENERAL CARE Never prune Plums from March through to July, instead Summer prune to control vigour and shape. Cottage/Informal, Flavouring food and drinks, Low Maintenance, Specimen tree. The Japanese plum tree (Prunus salicina) is a medium-sized fruit-producing tree, typically growing to about 15 to 20 feet in height. Because of this, you DO NO… Japanese plums require full sun -- at least six to eight hours of direct, bright light, each day to produce healthy growth and fruit. Cultivated Plum tree varieties trace back to the beginning of human history, and Plum remains have been discovered in archeological sites back to the Stone Age. Japanese plums have deep red, dark purple, or golden yellow skins with firm juicy flesh that can range in color from yellow to red and are delicious eaten fresh out of hand. Japanese plum trees are more delicate as well and require temperate conditions. Plant a Japanese plum tree in full sun, and make sure you provide rich, well-draining soil with a pH range of 5.5 to 6.5. It was first introduced to the United Kingdom in the mid-19th century, but has never been widely used for home landscaping. Prunus japonica, Japanese bush cherry; This page is an index of articles on plant species (or higher taxonomic groups) with the same common name (vernacular name). According to Sunset Plant Finder, Japanese plum trees need between 500 and 900 hours of 45 degree F (or lower) temperature in order for the trees to produce fruit. How to Grow Satsuma Plums. Given suitable growing conditions, a mature tree can produce as much as two to three bushels of plums … Japanese plum trees and American hybrids need to cross-pollinate, which means you’d need a second tree to produce fruit. See more ideas about tree care, plum tree, plum tree care. Fill the hole in halfway with soil and water in. Satsuma Japanese plums are fast growing, but not self fertile. Allow the tree to reach its mature height. Trees … Her work appears on various websites. Plant a Japanese plum tree for beautiful, fragrant spring blossoms and huge summer harvests of juicy, delicious plums. If you are planting more than one Japanese plum tree, make sure to dig the planting holes approximately 15 to 20 feet apart from one another. 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