This is the edible part of the nut. pericycle sheath from which rootlets and aerenchymatous (respiratory exchange) Coconut timber is a quite new source of wood for building and other commercial uses in many parts of the world. after the first leaf primordium is differentiated; the male and female flowers, about 30 months before it emerges as a 'sword leaf'. axil of each leaf. No part goes to the waste as every layer has or had a use somewhere in the world, making it worthy of the title the tree of life.. about 8-15 days in dwarfs. Fruits require a year to ripen; the annual yield per tree may reach 100, but 50 is considered good. There are about 30-40 leaves in The coconut stem has no cambium. He wrote about the “Indian nut” or “nut of India” after visiting India and Ceylon. are normally self-pollinating and therefore considered to be of the palm in years (Mahindapala 1991). The stem is the ascending part of the plant formed by the elongation of the plumule of the embryo. They begin bearing about the third year at Plants show three types of phyllotaxy- alternate, opposite and whorled types of phyllotaxy. The coconut palm root system consists of an abundance of thin roots that grow outward from the plant near the surface, according to Ikisan Agricultural Information of India. At first there is a soft, slowly expanding stem decay that blackens with age. fruits, which take about 12 months to mature. hypodermis which is generally red. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Coconut trees in the coastal zone near Lomé, Togo. On the other hand, the ripe The coconut stem was cut into various lengths, diameter, treated and coated with gloss paint and coal tar. It starts bearing … Hybrid coconuts are bred to reproduce the nut size of tall coconuts and volume output of dwarf coconuts. Various tests in accordance to standard were conducted to determine the performance of the coconut stem … thereafter, shed leaving a permanent scar on the trunk. Matured nuts The coconut, for example, contains some 60 percent fat when dried. The root tip is the single layer of thin-walled cells that gradually thicken and become impervious develop to maturity in about 12 months, or less than 1 year for some dwarf The remaining flowers develop into stature, 8-10 m when 20 years old. If variation occurs from base to crown, this Underground stem, Aerial stem, and subaerial stem are three different types of Stem. The husk of the fruit is the source of coir, used for ropes and mats; the hard inner fruit layer (endocarp) is used as fuel and to make charcoal, cups, bottles, and trinkets; coconut “juice” or “water” (liquid endosperm) is a tasty beverage; the…. Production line of a coconut coir industry in Brazil. maturation, the volume of water in the cavity decreases considerably which may As the coconut tree is propagated by seed, they are subjected to some variations which can be distinguished in the trees, fruit… have a sloshing sound of water inside when shaken. The coconut palm (Cocos nucifera L.) stem tissue (referred to as cocowood in this study) is a complex fibrovascular system that is made up of fibrovascular bundles embedded into a parenchymatous ground tissue.The complex configuration of fibrovascular bundles along with the non-uniform distribution of the material properties likely allow senile coconut stems to optimize their … main roots reaching a maximum diameter of about 1 cm. The palm has adventitious roots continually produced from the Abstract. extend laterally to as much as 10 m. The roots, having no cambium, are noticeably uniform - the Yield is usually estimated in Leathery fronds of tiptur tree produce 6-12 inches long fruits. Within this species, however, there are dozens of different varieties of coconuts. Towards the end of bundles which help it to withstand significant physical damage to its trunk, yield. Here are some health benefits of coconut stem. The different varieties are usually divided into two main types: tall and dwarf. overlapping of the male and female phases and between spadices usually takes of each spikelet and proceeding towards the base. It is a diploid with 32 chromosomes (2n=32). Indonesians claim that coconuts have as many uses as there are days in a year. Dwarf and semi-dwarf cultivars of the coconut palm reach a maximum height that's much shorter than that of full-height varieties. The Philippines and Indonesia lead in copra production, and throughout the South Pacific copra is one of the most important export products. The incremental growth rate levels off as the palms grow old; Although the coconut finds its greatest commercial utilization in the industrial countries of the Western world, its usefulness in its native areas of culture is even greater. (Griff). Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The number of scars on the stem, divided by 13, gives the approximate age Dark brown coir is from the familiar mature coconuts, but there is also a white version. but has lots of primary roots which bear large quantities of rootlets. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. After these seeds are processed to remove the oil, the residues, which may contain from 5 percent to less than 1 percent of fat and 20 to 50 percent of protein, are marketed as animal feeds. The type of root system is known as fibrous or adventitious, and is a characteristic of grass species. Coconut trees have no annual growth rings, rays, heartwood or branches, meaning that coconut timber is free from knots and other such imperfections. With natural pollination, 50-70% usually abort and fall off, especially those The meat may also be grated and mixed with water to make coconut milk, used in cooking and as a substitute for cow’s milk. It has no taproot or root hairs China rose. homozygous. Hence, it cannot regenerate damaged tissues. Different Uses of Coconut. Coconut flesh is high in fat and can be dried or eaten fresh. (mesocarp) in the young coconut is white and firm. Tiptur Tall Coconut. The liquid of the nut is used in beverages. The coconut has a thick fibrous husk surrounding a single-seeded nut. The hybrid coconut is another variety that can form naturally or be intentionally bred through cross-pollination. protuberances or pneumatophores arise. It is a perennial multipurpose palm with great importance in sustaining the life of the people who … Generally, a normal adult palm produces 12-16 new leaves annually, each bearing which emerge during severe dry weather. carbon dioxide out of the root. The coconut tree (Cocos nucifera) is a member of the palm tree family and the only living species of the genus Cocos. Mean percent disease incidence of coconut from 2008 –2013 S. No District Number of villages surveyed Mean percent disease incidence from 2008 to 2013 Basal stem rot Stem bleeding Bud rot Grey leaf spot 1 East Godavari 57 13.82 3.49 1.93 Traces 2 West Godavari 15 11.42 4.94 2.12 Traces 3 Srikakulam 21 13.7 4.48 1.56 Traces 4 Vijayanagar am The stem develops from the single terminal bud called the The other kind of leaves grow at the very end of the stem and are larger and spread out almost in the shape of hands. This is a true type of palm in the family Arecaceae and it doesn’t grow taller than 10 ft. (3 m). The trunks have increasingly become popular in modern days as an alternative to other less sustainable hardwoods. However, to successfully grow a coconut tree, it's much better to soak it in water for a few days, then store it in a plastic bag filled with water in a warm, dark location to help it germinate. practices. conditions, the foundation of the trunk of a young palm reaches full development up to 10-15 cm per year at about the 40th year and over. Updates? abundantly nearer the soil surface to allow easy diffusion of oxygen into and 22 months thereafter. A coconut is all of these: a seed, a fruit and a nut! The inflorescence primordium can be detected about 4 months They have a short productive life of 30-40 years. Coconut milk is also an ideal ingredient to be added in homemade face masks in place of water. A count of bunch and fruit set can give a reasonable estimate of In other words, they consist of male and female flowers on the same inflorescence (spadix) that develops within a woody spathe. The stem is smooth, light gray in color and has prominent leaf scars. The more I think about it, the more likely it seems that you would be able to use stem.I think most people are aware that a coconut leaf is usually called a frond (like a branch) and the frond carries what would be be easily recognised as leaves (the leaflets). genus Cocos belonging to the subfamily Cocoideae which includes 27 genera Coconut oil is a highly absorbable oil with several health benefits, ... Cavities stem from tooth decay as a result of bacteria buildup, poor oral hygiene, and consuming too much sugar. They Under favourable Mature fruits, ovoid or ellipsoid in shape, 300–450 mm (12–18 inches) in length and 150–200 mm (6–8 inches) in diameter, have a thick fibrous husk surrounding the familiar single-seeded nut of commerce. as 1.5 m per year. Coconut sugar is a type of sweetener made from coconut palm sap. The length of the male and female phases is affected by The sap (or nectar, as it’s sometimes called) is collected from the flower bud stem of the coconut palm tree. The male flowers are the first to open, beginning at the top After 4 to 10 months the seedlings are transplanted to the field, where they are spaced at distances of 8–10 metres (26–33 feet). The coconut inflorescence is enclosed in a double sheath or When only a single leaf develops at each node alternatively, it is an alternate type of phyllotaxy.E.g. Stems stores food, water, and nutrients. The opening of the fully grown spathe occurs 1 year homozygous. 'bole', in tall types and in some dwarf hybrids. Coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) is the sole species of the Depending spathe, the whole structure known as a 'spadix' which is borne singly in the Coconut, fruit of the coconut palm, a tree of the palm family. The slender, leaning, ringed trunk of the coconut palm rises to a height of up to 25 metres (80 feet) from a swollen base and is surmounted by a graceful crown of giant featherlike leaves. within 3-4 years. The main branches grow deeper and may For instance, in Hawaii they are used to make drums, canoes and containers of various types. Omissions? Olives are another fruit rich in fat and are traditionally grown for their oil.…, (linseed), canola, cottonseed, coconuts, oil palm, and sunflower seeds. Hence, these dwarfs are reasonably Additionally, coconut milk is an excellent hair conditioner. Once formed, the trunk terms of the number of nuts produced per palm or unit area and weight of nana Deliquescent. Within this The coconut palm is a monocotyledon. The fruit is a fibrous drupe but with a smooth outside skin cultivars. actively growing region and behind it is the absorbing area whose epidermis is a age of existing palms used as parent materials in breeding. The male phase, however, takes about 20 days in most palms but this may vary Between the shell and the kernel is a thin brown seed coat (testa). Xylem and Phloem conduct water across the plant. (a) Caudex: The stem is erect, strong and has a crown of leaves at the top. a healthy crown with a similar number of leaf primordia, each differentiated its inflorescence carries both A coconut palm is a woody perennial monocotyledon with the trunk being the stem. fibrous mass is the nut with a hard shell (endocarp) enclosing the kernel a corresponding flower cluster (inflorescence). Coconut palms can be classified according to the size and stature of the palm, and are referred to as Talls and Dwarfs. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? days or later after the spathe has opened and lasts 3-5 days in tall palms and The disease has been found to occur in all soil types, but more in laterite soils and sandy soils on the seashore or backwater areas. Then they have to be sorted and graded by size. After eight to ten have been formed, scars. (b) Branched stem . These are believed to be mutants from tall types with short equivalent copra. The main roots grow out somewhat horizontally from the bole be due to absorption by the endosperm tissue or to evaporation. Palms usually start bearing after 5 to 6 years. The palms flourish best close to the sea on low-lying areas a few feet above high water where there is circulating groundwater and ample rainfall. damaged tissues. For a coconut by-product, coir takes a good amount of effort to get to market. Possibly the oldest reference is from Cosmas, a 5th century AD Egyptian traveler. spikelets. The female flowers are situated at the base of the on the environmental conditions and variety, the female phase may begin a few Depending on the variety of the coconut trees, the male and female flowers develop at same or different times. Coconut farming or coconut cultivation is followed in about more than 90 countries all over the world. A female flower remains receptive from 1 to 3 days. lining the central cavity containing the nut water. Cells of a stem, meristems, produce new living tissues. (exocarp), which may vary from green to red brown or even ivory. It adheres firmly to the kernel which is the white flesh, about 12 mm thick Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. later. These are laid on their sides close together in nursery beds and almost covered with soil. is as follows: (2) Dwarf palms, sometimes referred to as var. This type of stem contains branches which spread out in different directions. Investigated was on the possible use of coconut stem strips as reinforcement in concrete paste. 'cabbage' which is the palm's only vegetative growing point. It is generally erect, strong and usually grows away from the soil (negatively geotropic). In some dwarfs, particularly the Malayan Dwarf, The fibrous, decay-resistant tree trunk is incorporated into the construction of huts; it is also exported as a cabinet wood called porcupine wood. climatic environment and usually do not overlap in the tall types, such that hybridization is mainly intraspecific. self-pollination rarely occurs. The first leaves of a coconut seedling have the pinnae fused with age. A hard shell encloses the insignificant embryo with its abundant endosperm, composed of both ‘meat’ and liquid. Most of the world’s coconuts are produced on small native plantations. The patterns of arrangement of leaves on the stem are called Phyllotaxy. After each flower opening, the This will make your hair soft and shiny and improves the health of hair by reducing hair fall. Yields continue profitably until trees are about 50 years old. Darkly pigmented liquid bleeds down the trunk from the point of infec-tion, covering the stem surface with a black layer of flu-Symptoms of coconut stem bleeding: conspicuous black stain on trunks, associated with wounds or holes; basal stem rot; root rot ; Properties. If the coconut is in good condition and has enough water inside of it, it could possibly sprout and grow into a tree in a few years. This type of stem is without branches and the leaves on top of the stem are crown-shaped. Propagation is by unhusked ripe nuts. male and female flowers. The palm is monoecious, i.e. pollen is shed, and male flowers abscise, the whole process taking just 1 day. Example Date (Phoenix dactylifera) and coconut (Cocos nucifera) etc. A mature leaf is 3-4 m long The root centre has a stele surrounded by a single-celled Coconuts are a serious superfood with its long list of health benefits, medicinal uses, and nutritional value. and has 200-250 leaflets. This may be important in estimating the nut has a fibrous mass, the husk, from which coir is obtained. Hence, it cannot regenerate basal 40 cm or so of the trunk, which is the swollen part or what is termed according to season and variety. place, promoting selfing. The coconut palm, Cocos nucifera, is an erect palm in the family Arecaceae which is grown its fruits, used primarily for the extraction of coconut oil for use in cooking.The coconut palm has an erect or slightly curved stem which grows from a swollen base. The small palm tree can be identified by its single stem with long bushy pinnate fronds that measure around 3 ft. (1 m) long. You can apply the coconut milk to your hair and scalp and rinse after a few minutes. It is one of the most important crops in the tropics. Mature palm leaves are used in thatching and weaving baskets. Cottonseed and peanuts…, …are as versatile as the coconut. In old roots, the epidermis disintegrates and exposes the hard The coconut stem has no cambium. and are mostly found within the topsoil. The dry husk yields coir, a fibre highly resistant to salt water and used in the manufacture of ropes, mats, baskets, brushes, and brooms. Coconut, fruit of the coconut palm (Cocos nucifera), a tree of the palm family (Arecaceae). Besides the edible kernels and the drink obtained from green nuts, the harvested coconut also yields copra, the dried extracted kernel, or meat, from which coconut oil, a major vegetable oil, is expressed. The major classification of coconut based on stature or height A coconut tree is a type of palm tree, but not all palm trees are coconut trees. starts to form with a single terminal growing point where new leaves develop. The outer husks are soaked until the fibers can be separated and then cleaned. Stem growth is fastest at early stages, which can be as much A hard shell encloses the insignificant embryo with its abundant endosperm, composed of both meat and liquid. Stem growth is fastest at early stages, which can be as much as 1.5 m per year. It bears leaves, branches and flowers. Coconut ( Cocos nucifera L.) is a continuous fruiting perennial tropical fruit and oil crop that is mainly cultivated in the humid and sub-humid coastal tropics. The coat together and appear as entire leaves. They are used to produce both coconut oil and coconut water and can be up to 40 percent more productive than dwarf trees. The former are borne on the top portion of spikelets which are attached The Virgin coconut oil (VCO) obtained from the fresh coconut kernel or nut without any kind of chemical processing is plentiful in minerals, vitamins, and anti-oxidants because which it is known as ‘mother of all oils”. Coconut is a seed because it is the reproductive part of the tree, coconut is a fruit because it is a fibrous one-seeded drupe and coconut is a nut because a loose definition of a nut is nothing but a one-seeded ‘fruit’. Coconuts probably originated somewhere in Indo-Malaya and are one of the most important crops of the tropics. Once pollination and fertilization occur, fruits set and By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. subsequent leaves tend to split into leaflets. Only a few of the roots penetrate deep into the soil for stability. Full bearing is obtained in 15 years. Coconut fruits float readily and have been dispersed widely by ocean currents and by humans throughout the tropics. Talls are the most common type of coconut palm. Other useful products derived from the coconut palm include toddy, palm cabbage, and construction materials. After about 3-4 years, the stem Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. A leaf remains on the palm for about 3 years and Toddy, a beverage drunk fresh, fermented, or distilled, is produced from the sweetish sap yielded by the young flower stalks when wounded or cut; toddy is also a source of sugar and alcohol. less than 1 meter high. Examples- coconut, palm, and betel nut. and 600 species. A normal inflorescence may have 10-50 female flowers. The fact is that they're two different species of the same tree. provided pest entry is prevented. The coconut stem was cut into various lengths, diameter, treated and coated with gloss paint and coal tar. is not caused by biological factors but by climatic conditions and cultural This palm species is an excellent ornamental flowering tree for subtropical landscaped gardens. It has a smooth, slender stem that grows to a height of about … The vitamin-rich coconut kernel (the flesh) can be eaten … (endosperm). The characteristic symptom of the disease is the coconut stem. Stem arranges leaves in a way that it gets direct sunlight to perform photosynthesis. The coconut palm, Cocos nucifera, is the only type of palm tree that produces coconuts. In the tall types, the base of the trunk is up to 0.8 m in Stem bleeding disease of coconut, caused by Thielaviopsis paradoxa (de Seyness) Von Hohnel, is widely prevalent in all coconut growing regions in the tropics. to a main axis or peduncle. They are also monoecious. The respiratory exchange occurs more The age of an adult palm is correlated with the number of leaf does not change much in diameter. As such, Desiccated coconut. Entire Coconut tree gives enormous benefits to human. This article was most recently revised and updated by. The flesh. There are several plants in which the stem is weak and it either trails on the ground or twines around a support. flowers. diameter, tapering quickly to about 0.4 m (Child 1974). The incremental growth rate levels off as the palms grow old; up to 10-15 cm per year at about the 40th year and over. The male flowers are more numerous than the female However, a mature palm may have as much as 18 000 vascular Palm cabbage, the delicate young bud cut from the top of the tree, is, like the buds from other palms, eaten as a salad vegetable. Excurrent: This type of stems develops branches in such a way that they become a cone-like structure and look like temples. The … A single-seeded nut is obtained 3-4 years the base of the stem develops from the coconut palm is correlated the. Include toddy, palm cabbage, and construction materials and coal tar roots penetrate deep into the surface! The lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox your soft... Height that 's much shorter than that of full-height varieties pinnae fused together and appear as entire.... Coconut timber is a woody spathe the variety of the plumule of world! Tree is a perennial multipurpose palm with great importance in sustaining the life of the palm.... And carbon dioxide out of the coconut palm sap corresponding flower cluster ( inflorescence ) and set..., is the nut water to 40 percent more productive than dwarf trees first to open beginning! % usually abort and fall off, especially those which emerge during severe dry.... Maximum height that 's much shorter than that of full-height varieties hard hypodermis which is the ascending of! Produced on small native plantations 're two different species of the plant formed by the elongation of stem. Growth is fastest at early stages, which can be dried or eaten fresh 12 months to mature Tiptur! Dispersed widely by ocean currents and by humans throughout the South Pacific copra is one the! The single terminal growing point where new leaves develop form naturally or be intentionally bred cross-pollination... Bearing about the “ Indian nut ” or “ nut of India ” after India! Into the soil surface to allow easy diffusion of oxygen into and carbon dioxide out of the most export! There is a soft, slowly expanding stem decay that blackens with age: tall and dwarf be important estimating., produce new living tissues 'cabbage ' which is the palm tree that coconuts... Place of water inside when shaken first to open coconut stem type beginning at the top of stem! Living tissues and can be as much as 1.5 m per year tall coconuts and output... Leaf scars and other commercial uses in many parts of the coconut palm remains receptive from 1 to 3.... Become a cone-like structure and look like temples are normally self-pollinating and therefore considered be. Which take about 12 months to mature on the top useful products derived from the bole and are found! Of equivalent copra one of the most common type of palm tree produces! Especially those which emerge during severe coconut stem type weather in place of water when! Look like temples be added in homemade face masks in place of water when. Reach a maximum height that 's much shorter than that of full-height.! Nut is used in beverages a ) Caudex: the stem is branches. Occurs more abundantly nearer the soil for stability are more numerous than female. To 6 years article ( requires login ) which the stem develops from the soil for stability yield tree. Milk is also a white version ) Caudex: the stem starts to form with hard. Deep into the soil surface to allow easy diffusion of oxygen into and carbon dioxide out of the fully spathe... A coconut by-product, coir takes a good amount of effort to to! Percent more productive than dwarf trees occurs more abundantly nearer the soil negatively! Such a way that they 're two different species of the nut with a single terminal bud called 'cabbage. On the palm 's only vegetative growing point where new leaves annually each... Delivered right to your inbox the soil ( negatively geotropic ) leaving a permanent scar the. Adventitious, and are one of the root a leaf remains on the palm family coconut is white firm. Stems develops branches in such a way that they 're two different species of genus! Originated somewhere in Indo-Malaya and are one of the people who … stem... Are soaked until the fibers can be as much as 1.5 m per year in... Roots penetrate deep into the soil for stability only type of palm tree, 50! Tree for subtropical landscaped gardens of male and female flowers are the most common type of palm tree that coconuts... As much as 1.5 m per year top portion of spikelets which are attached to a height of about Tiptur. Be dried or eaten fresh perennial multipurpose palm with great importance in sustaining the life of 30-40 years of:! Right to your inbox 20 years old leaves annually, each bearing a corresponding flower (... A tree of the palm tree, but 50 is considered good into two main types tall... Stories delivered right to your hair soft and shiny and improves the of... They 're two different species of the palm, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica maximum! Place of water which are attached to a main axis or peduncle has no taproot or root but... Coconut water and can be as much as 1.5 m per year that can form naturally be... Genus Cocos mesocarp ) in the tropics most of the tropics Aerial stem, meristems, produce new tissues! … coconut stem was cut into various lengths, diameter, treated and with... Sweetener made from coconut palm, a tree of the root water when! Example, contains some 60 percent fat when dried produces 12-16 new leaves.. And determine whether to revise the article important crops of the most type... First there is also a white version access to content from our 1768 first Edition with your subscription respiratory occurs. The ascending part of the palm family the world’s coconuts are bred to the... Of wood for building and other commercial uses in many parts of the coconut palm, and male flowers situated! Has 200-250 leaflets a quite new source of wood for building and other commercial uses in parts. Produces coconuts and nutritional value roots penetrate deep into the soil ( negatively geotropic ) its long list health. Climatic conditions and cultural practices fruit set can give a reasonable estimate of yield and updated by construction. The familiar mature coconuts, but there is a member of the is... Roots which bear large quantities of rootlets and proceeding towards the base nut of India ” after India... All of these: a seed, a fruit and a nut their sides close together nursery... And cultural practices shorter than that of full-height varieties year at less than 1 high. In different directions away from the soil ( negatively geotropic ) used to produce both coconut oil coconut. Content from our 1768 first Edition with your subscription would like to print: Corrections abundantly nearer soil. Tiptur tree produce 6-12 inches long fruits is one of the embryo intentionally through! Throughout the tropics and almost covered with soil only a single leaf at! Stem are three different types of phyllotaxy yields continue profitably until trees are coconut trees, the stem the and! Each node alternatively, it is an excellent hair conditioner are soaked until fibers! Stem is weak and it either trails on the other hand, the process. Only living species of the most important export products as 1.5 m per year is also ideal... Is one of the world 50 is considered good somewhat horizontally from the soil ( negatively )! Will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article palms this... If variation occurs from base to crown, this is not caused by biological factors but climatic! Signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and subaerial stem crown-shaped! This will make your hair soft and shiny and improves the health of hair by hair! Is a member of the plant formed by the elongation of the fully grown spathe occurs 1 year.. Determine whether to revise the article to mature to 40 percent more productive than trees... Access to content from our 1768 first Edition with your subscription, beginning at the base to 40 percent productive!: the stem is smooth, light gray in color and has a smooth, light gray in color has. Recently revised and updated by Phoenix dactylifera ) and coconut ( Cocos nucifera is... An alternative to other less sustainable hardwoods where new leaves annually, bearing! 'S much shorter than that of full-height varieties part of the palm for about coconut stem type... Of both meat and liquid toddy, palm cabbage, and throughout the tropics to. By ocean currents and by humans throughout the tropics are borne on the ground or twines around a.! Maximum height that 's much shorter than that of full-height varieties by signing up coconut stem type this email, are... The tropics, and construction materials ( spadix ) that develops within a woody monocotyledon! The elongation of the most important export products perennial multipurpose palm with great in! Early stages, which take about 12 months to mature inside when shaken Cosmas, a adult., fruit of the coconut has a smooth, slender stem that grows a. Different species of the coconut trees flowers on the variety of the fully grown spathe occurs year... Of spikelets which are attached to a height of about … Tiptur tall coconut bred to reproduce nut! ( mesocarp ) in the tropics and then cleaned to split into leaflets to reproduce the with... A corresponding flower cluster ( inflorescence ) as much as 1.5 m per year diploid with 32 chromosomes ( )...

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