Herod’s Paranoia. Because he was by origin an Idumaean, he was regarded by many Jews as a foreigner. 2. Antipater named his eldest son, Phasael, governor of Jerusalem and his second son, Herod, governor of Galilee, where he won favor with the Romans by his success in dealing with hostile military groups. was a king of Judea who ruled the territory with Roman approval. Drusilla left her first husband to marry Roman governor Felix. Herod's mental instability finally lost him the confidence of Caesar Augustus (Octavian). Matthew describes her only as “the daughter of Herodias.” The name “Salome” was given to her later, outside of Scripture, just as Mary Magdalene was in reality not a prostitute at all until wrongly pronounced as such by Pope Gregory in the sixth century CE. New Testament Political Figures: The Evidence by Lawrence Mykytiuk, Did Jesus Exist? and these were the sons … Read More about Herod's Sons. Herod engaged her to Herod II, her half-uncle, and her connection to the Hasmonean bloodline supported her new husband's right to succeed his father. Philip lived only a few miles from the area where most of Jesus' miracles were performed (Matt. Herod had several sons – and the first one to whom he had willed would be his successor was Antipater. August remarked that it was safer to be one of Herod's swine than one of his sons. was not a Jew- his father an Idumean and his mother Arabian. Archelaus (a name meaning "leading the people") came to power after the death of his father Herod the Great in 4 BC, and ruled over one-half of the territorial dominion of his father. 59 C.E. This son was born to Herod by Doris, a woman without nobility. Why not join us right now and start your own exploration? Herod Archelaus, (born 22 bc, Judaea—died c. ad 18, Gaul), son and principal heir of Herod I the Great as king of Judaea, deposed by Rome because of his unpopularity with the Jews. After the death of his father Antipater, Herod the Great (still governor of Galilee) established a close relationship with Mark Antony—one of the renowned ringleaders of Julius Caesar’s assassination. Important details of his biography are gleaned from the works of the 1st century CE Roman-Jewish historian Josephus Flavius. 2:19-23). During the time of the birth of Jesus in the New Testament Israel was under the dominion of King Herod "the Great". The Christian Bible has painted Herod the Great in a negative light and blamed him for the “slaughter of the innocents” as recounted in the New Testament’s Gospel of Matthew. The item Between Rome and Jerusalem : Herod the Great and his sons in their struggle for recognition : a chronological investigation of the period 40 BC-39 AD, with a time setting of New Testament events, by Bieke Mahieu represents a specific, individual, material embodiment of a distinct intellectual or artistic creation found in University of San Diego Libraries. But Herod chose Antipater as heir after killing his step-brothers. Archelaus was made an ethnarch, a position slightly higher than tetrarch, which his brothers received. Boldface in the narrative statements below signifies the person is referred to in the New Testament. Herod (Herod the Great, Herod I) has three sons whom inherited his kingdom as decided by the Romans after his death. Sons - Herod Antipas, Philip, Archelaus, Aristobulus, Antipater, others. Herod The Great Herod the Great (73 B.C. 6. Herod attempted suicide but that effort failed. Actually he was remarkably successful in a lot of ways. Vicious Salome struck again, this time concocting rumors about the boys and turning Herod’s heart against his own sons. Herod I (the Great) was son of Antipater and made king by the Romans in 40 B.C. Herod Antipas, (born 21 bc —died ad 39), son of Herod I the Great who became tetrarch of Galilee and ruled throughout Jesus of Nazareth’s ministry. As a consequence of this the dates of Paul's apostolate are reexamined. 3. Antipater and his sons had to take harsh measures to get the money, and in the ensuing troubles, Antipater was killed. 9. Searching for Evidence Beyond the Bible by Lawrence Mykytiuk, 53 People in the Bible Confirmed Archaeologically by Lawrence Mykytiuk, Herod the Great: Friend of the Romans and Parthians? By submitting above, you agree to our privacy policy. Aristobulus IV (31–7 BC) was a prince of Judea from the Herodian dynasty, and was married to his cousin, Berenice, daughter of Costobarus and Salome I. Herod I (c. 74/73 BCE – 4 BCE/1 CE), also known as Herod the Great, was the King of Judea from 37 to 4 BC. This was the great Shamai, the contemporary of … Herod the Great's Family Tree . to 4 B.C.) Your email address will not be published. Herod was the son of Antipater, an Idumean (Edomite) who had come to the aid of Julius Caesar in Alexandria and was made chief minister of Judea in 47 BC. Herod the Great, founder of the dynasty, tried to kill the infant Jesus by the “slaughter of the innocents” at Bethlehem. It is not a complete family tree. King Herod Agrippa I (r. 37–44 C.E.) Herod the Great Caesar Augustus (Octavian), now Princeps (first citizen) of the Roman Empire after the death of Julius Caesar, appointed Herod, the son of Antipater, king of Judea, and financed his Jewish army with Roman money. Antipater was convicted of murder in Rome, so Herod changed his will so Archelaus would be his successor. Dig into more than 9,000 articles in the Biblical Archaeology Society’s vast library plus much more with an All-Access pass. He was murdered in Jerusalem between the Temple and the altar (Mt. Dig into the illuminating world of the Bible with a BAS All-Access membership. Herod was in the middle of his great building program. 5. 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