He is the one controller of the inactive many. He who knows Him thus, cuts asunder the fetters of death.95. Protect the Self by renunciation. x��V]lSe~�9�)ۺږ�ٍI\WGQ)�u������ 'k����m���83���9�b�ʜJ���D����TV��B`i� �h0^x!�7H�{����H��K�~}��. He is the witness, and He is the pure consciousness. The fruit of the tree are pleasure and pain, the result of one's past actions.86. That itself is Agni (fire). (4) Eight mental states (Bhava) viz., virtue, unrighteousness, knowledge, ignorance, dispassion, attachment, super- human power and want of superhuman power. • Not structured well developed teaching. Matter is perishable, but God is immortal and imperishable. The sages, absorbed in meditation through one-pointedness of mind, discovered the [creative] power, belonging to the Lord Himself and hidden in its own gunas. He causes destruction of the work in the absence of the Gunas, and remains apart in His essence after destruction.123. The fifty spokes are (a) the five classes of ignorance viz., Tamas, Moha, Maha-Moha, Timira (darkness) and Andha-Timira (utter darkness); (b) The 28 disabilities; (c) the nine Tushtis or satisfactions; (d) the eight Siddhis or perfections viz., Tara, Sutara, Tarayanti, Pramoda, Pramodita, Pramodamana, Ramyaka and Satpramodita.11. the five elements, mind, intellect and egoism. 4 Topics Ishvara Svarupam Those who know this become immortal.97. PDF Document Size: 1,225,840 Bytes. He shines forth with the qualities of all the senses, yet He is devoid of all senses. It attains immortality when it is blessed or favoured by Him.15. external skin, internal skin, blood, flesh, fat, bone, marrow and semen. That non-dual Lord rules over all those causes —time, the self, and the rest. In this Upanishad Siva or Rudra is declared to be the creator, preserver and destroyer of … He is the beginning, the origin of the causes by which (the body) is united (with the soul). That is also the starry firmament. The one principle is Avidya or ignorance; two are Dharma and Adharma (right and wrong), or Raga-Dvesha (likes and dislikes); the three are the three bodies, physical, subtle and causal, or the three Gunas, Sattva, Rajas and Tamas; or the three Avasthas, the waking, dreaming and deep sleep states; or time, space and causation.122. He is His own source. the five organs of knowledge, the five organs of action and mind and the five gross elements.10. 14 . 2087 0 obj <> endobj Only when man shall roll up sky like a skin, will there be an end of misery, unless God has first been known.139. 0000004821 00000 n He (the individual soul) who is attached with the qualities, performs actions for the sake of fruits and enjoys the fruits of his own actions. The two birds are the individual soul (Jiva) and the supreme Soul (Paramatman). By His light all this shines.133. It is very difficult for a neophyte to fix the mind on the infinite. There is no likeness or equal of Him whose name is great glory.99. One passes beyond death, only by knowing Him. The three tyres are the three qualities of Sattva, Rajas and Tamas or time, space and causation.9. He guides the intellect of all beings in order to enable them to attain that extremely pure state (Moksha) .62. In this Upanishad Siva or Rudra is declared to be the creator, preserver and destroyer of the world. He, the only God, rules over the perishable matter and the individual souls. There is no master of His in this world, no ruler of His, not even a sign of Him (by which He can be inferred). (2) the eight constituent parts of the body or Dhatus viz. Namaskar. May that only God, who spontaneously covers Himself with the products of Prakriti or Nature, just as a spider does with the threads (drawn from its own navel), grant us identity with Brahman.129. (8) The rope is desire.13. That is Prajapati.80. That is Vayu (air). It gets its name from Rishi Svetasvatara who taught the truth contained in it to his disciples. Is it Brahman? By the grace of the divine Savitri, let us, with concentrated mind, strive vigorously for the attainment of supreme bliss.29. That is the Brahman (Hiranyagarbha). This theme of Eka Deva (one God) – eternal, all prevading and forging the world with his heat – in Svetasvatara Upanishad, is common in more ancient Sanskrit texts such as Rig Veda's hymns 10.72.2 and 10.81.3, Taittiriya Samhita, Taittiriya Aranyaka 10.1.3, White Yajur Veda's Vajasaneyi Samhita 17.19, Atharva Veda 13.2.26 and others. xref The enquirers of Brahman converse with one another, What is the cause? I know this undecaying, the ancient, the soul of all, who is omnipresent on account of His all-pervading nature and whom the knowers of Brahman declare to be free from birth, whom the knowers of Brahman proclaim to be eternal.Adhyaya FourPrayer77. Refer to following links 120 upanishads; Isha Etc 108 Upanishads edited by Vasudev Lakshman Pansikar. Suka rahasya Upanishad (Krishnapaksha Yajur Veda) 307 Surya Upanishad (Atharva Veda) 309 Svetasvatara Upanishad (Krishnapaksha Yajur Veda) 310 Taittirya Upanishad (Krishnapaksha Yajur Veda) 86 Tarasara Upanishad (Suklapaksha Yajur Veda) 361 Teja bindu Upanishad (Krishnapaksha Yajur Veda) 157 Tripura sundari Upanishad (Rig Veda) 413 Those gods and seers who realised Him in days of yore, became identified with Him, and verily became immortal.108. He makes the one seed manifold. Chandogya Upanishad. May That cause us both to enjoy the bliss (of Mukti). He is the Lord of all, the Ruler of all, the refuge of all, and the friend of all.70. It is not a combination of these, because of the existence of the soul (Atman). He is identified with the Supreme Brahman.Om. Publication date 2015-04-18 Usage Public Domain Mark 1.0 Topics librivox, audiobooks, philosophy. It is He who works through all hands, eats through all mouths, sees through all eyes, hears through all ears, walks through all feet and thinks through all minds. By knowing what is therein, the knowers of Brahman become devoted to Brahman, merge themselves in it and are liberated from birth.16. This is the drift of this verse.140. This God spreads out one net after another in various ways and withdraws it together in that field. That is Aditya (the sun). The Upanishads were written by numerous anonymous authors at various times, from around 800 B.C.E. http://amara.org/v/JM9m/ Chapter 5. 2. I worship your ancient Brahman with reverence. He transcends the world.66. The individual soul chooses or assumes many forms, gross and subtle, according to its own qualities, the qualities of its actions and the qualities of its mind. (From the Madras Review). He knows all that is to be known. The unpanishad texts are available in many compilations. The Shvetashvatara Upanishad (Sanskrit Śvetāśvataropaniṣad) is an ancient Sanskrit text embedded in the Yajurveda.It is listed as number 14 in the Muktika canon of 108 Upanishads. The adorable Lord, who appears as the world, who is the true source of all creatures abides in His own heart, is perceived by him who meditates or worships in his heart previously.124. The Svetasvatara Upanishad derives its name from the name of the sage who composed it. Who is without parts, without action, who is tranquil, blameless, spotless, the supreme bridge of immortality and who is like the fire that has consumed its fuel (to Him I go for refuge).138. copyright © 2020 the divine life society. By knowledge of God all the bonds of ignorance are destroyed; there is a cessation of birth and death with distress destroyed. Just as a ray of light which is itself colourless assumes different colours when it passes through a prism, so also the formless Brahman assumes various forms for His own Lila or sporting.79. The one principle to which the soul is joined is Avyakta or Prakriti. SINGLE PAGE PROCESSED JP2 ZIP download. Entirely different from these is he, the imperishable, infinite, secret, Supreme Brahman, in whom exists wisdom as well as ignorance, and who governs them both. That individual soul is as subtle as the hundredth part of the point of a hair divided a hundred times. There these lightnings do not shine, how then this fire? There is one Ruler only who rules all the worlds by His powers. This Upanishad belongs to the Krishna-Yajurveda. 0000002485 00000 n The wise, who perceive Him within their self, to them belongs eternal happiness; not to others.131. Two birds of beautiful plumage, who are inseparable friends, dwell upon one and the same tree. He dwells in the heart of all beings. The Jiva is only a reflection of the supreme Soul. 0 Yet there is none who knows Him. It belongs to the Taittiriya school of the Yajurveda. This highest secret or mystery in the Vedanta, expounded in a former age, should not be given to one whose passions have not been subdued, nor to anyone who is not a worthy son, nor to an unworthy disciple.142. If you remember this verse constantly, egoism will vanish. Svetasvatara Upanishad | estudantedavedanta.net | Swami Tyagisananda. trailer (3) Ashtasiddhis or eight superhuman powers viz., Anima, Mahima etc. This is compilation in many parts so check different TOCs … Thus again having created the rulers, the great soul holds His Lordship over all.105. That Person alone (Purusha) is all this,what has been and what is visible. He who knows Him who has no beginning and no end, who creates the world in the midst of chaos, who assumes many forms and who envelopes the universe, is freed from all fetters.116. The Upanishads selected for this introductory book are:. Author: Swami Krishnananda PUBLISHERS'' PREFACE. In the imperishable and infinite highest Brahman, knowledge and ignorance are hidden. This is to be known as eternally existing in one's own Self. It says that pradhana or nature is not an independent entity but belongs to the self of the divine, devatma-sakti.God is the mayin, the maker of the world, which is maya or made by Him. We understood Him as a wheel which has one felly with a triple tyre with sixteen end-parts, fifty spokes, twenty counter-spokes, with six sets of eights, which has one rope of various forms, which has three different roads or paths and which has one revolution for two causes.7. Time, inherent nature, law or necessity or chance or the elements or matter or a womb or a male are to be considered as a cause. From his lips I • Compilation from Mundak Upanishad, Katho Upanishad, Rudram, Mahanarayana Upanishad and Purusha Suktam. The knowing Lord and the unknowing individual soul, the Omnipotent and the impotent, are both unborn. Thou art the Infinite. He is the controller of the whole world, both stationary and moving.71. Thou art without beginning. He who has known Him, the cause of all, who is to be comprehended by Sankhya (philosophy) and Yoga (religious discipline), is freed from all fetters.132. No one perceives Him with the eye. The triad are the enjoyer, the objects of enjoyment and the supreme Soul. The Upanishad is one of the 33 Upanishads from Taittiriyas, and associated with the Shvetashvatara tradition within Karakas sakha of the Yajurveda. This is threefold Brahman.22. download 1 file . Maitrayaniya Upanishad from the second or third century B.C.E. Of these two the one eats the sweet fruit, while the other looks on without eating.84. 0000003843 00000 n The same soul pervades the whole universe also. He has to be known.111. ... PDF download. He alone is the protector of the world at the proper time. They who practised meditation realised or saw as the cause of creation the power of God (Devatma-Sakti), hidden in His own qualities (Gunas), which alone rules over all these causes enumerated above, beginning with time and ending with the individual soul.The Divine Wheel6. This theme of Eka Deva (one God) – eternal, all pervading and forging the world with his heat – in Svetasvatara Upanishad, is common in more ancient Sanskrit texts such as Rigveda's hymns 10.72.2 and 10.81.3, Taittiriya Samhita, Taittiriya Aranyaka 10.1.3, White Yajur Veda's Vajasaneyi Samhita 17.19, Atharva Veda 13.2.26 and others. Svetasvatara Upanishad from an audio recording. He sees the birth of the first-born seer of golden colour and endows him with every kind of knowledge at the commencement of creation.104. The Upanishad contains 113 mantras or verses in six chapters. to well into the Current Era. When the body is light and healthy, when his mind is free from desire, when he has a shining complexion, sweet voice and pleasant odour, when the excretions become scanty, they say that he has attained the first degree of concentration.45. It is only knowing one's own infinite nature by tearing the veils, by annihilating the ignorance, by cutting asunder the three knots, viz., ignorance, desire and action.23. Let us live the ancient Brahman by the grace of Savitri. In that is the triad. 2. They call Him the first, the great person.72. My verses go forth like the sun on their course. This whole world is pervaded by beings who are His parts.The Avenue of Peace90. He is the cause of the bondage, the existence and the liberation of the world.135. Yet He is in essence infinite. This Upanishad defined yoga as a means of binding the breath and the mind using the syllable Om. (5) The eight deities viz., Brahma, Prajapati, Devas, Gandharvas, Yakshas, Rakshasas, Pitris and Pisachas. As long as the individual soul does not know the Lord, it is attached to sensual pleasures. 0000002744 00000 n The grace of the Lord is necessary for the realisation of Advaitic oneness.75. He is everlasting. ; 108 Upanishads Upanishad Brahma Yogin's Commentary in Sanskrit (3580 pages). He dwells in the body, the city of nine gates. The Lord of Maya protects or creates the Vedas, the sacrifices, the ceremonies, religious observances, what has been what has to be, all that the Vedas declare and this whole world, including ourselves. It is at the command of Him, who always envelopes the world, who is all-knowing, the Lord of time, possessor of qualities, Omniscient, that this work (creation) unfolds itself, which is called or thought as earth, water, fire, air and ether.119. ALL THIS—whatever exists in this changing universe—should be covered by the Lord. Rudra represents here Para-Brahman or the Supreme Self, the infinite or the Absolute.52. THE SVETASVATARA UPANISHAD (Vedanta, which means ‘the end of the Vedas’, refers to the ancient Hindu scriptures called the Upanishads. The eight principles are the eight producers of the Samkhyas, viz., Avyakta which is the root of all, intellect, egoism and the five subtle elements of matter (Tanmatras), or the five elements, mind, intellect and egoism. He pervades all. Isha Upanishad Commentary Commentary on the Isavasya Upanishad–by Swami Nirmalananda Giri Seeing All Things in God An instructive story Just before going to India for the first time in 1962, I had the great good fortune to meet and hear Sri A. He is concealed in the Upanishads that are concealed in the Vedas. She (Prakriti), too, who is connected with the enjoyed and objects of enjoyment, who causes the realisation of the enjoyer and enjoyed, is unborn. O Rudra, injure not our children, nor our grandchildren, nor our lives, cows or horses, nor slay in thy wrath our valiant men. Without Bhakti you cannot attain the grace which is essential for attaining the knowledge of Brahman.37. This is the mystic doctrine concerning Brahman.Adhyaya TwoThe Process of Meditation27. May we never quarrel with each other!Om Peace, Peace, Peace!Adhyaya OneThe Ultimate Cause3. Silent Japa of Om with meditation on its meaning will help one to cross the ocean of Samsara, i.e., to free oneself from the rounds of births and deaths.40. The Chhandogya Upanishad | swami-krishnananda.org | Swami Krishnananda. If anybody strives to free himself from miseries, without realising God, all his efforts shall be as useless as the attempt to roll up the sky. The original English translation of the Svetasvatara Upanishad by Jayaram V with explanatory notes, Chapter 4 Great is the glory of Savitri who is all-pervading, infinite, all-knowing, the one alone who knows the Ruler, has arranged the sacrificial rites by the Brahmana. It becomes the enjoyer and is bound. Keeping his body in a straight posture, holding the chest, neck and the head erect, and drawing the senses and the mind into the heart, the wise should cross over the fearful currents of the world by means of the raft (or boat) of Brahman.38. By means of thoughts, contact, sight and delusion, the embodied soul assumes successively various forms in various places, in accordance with its actions, just as the body grows by the use of food and drink.113. He is present inside the hearts of all beings. Where do we ultimately abide? His great power is declared in the Vedas to be of various kinds. 0000003495 00000 n By meditating upon Him, by union with Him, finally there is cessation of all illusion.20. 0000002925 00000 n The two are Avyakta and intellect; and the three are Avyakta, intellect and egoism.121. Bhakti is not contradictory to knowledge. It is the firm support. Only those who know that rest contented.88. The Lord supports this universe which consists of a combination of the perishable and the imperishable, the manifest and the unmanifest. Therefore the Atman is subtler than even the subtlest, and greater than the greatest.76. Let us give reverence with oblations to that blissful God, who is the Lord of the Devas, who rules the bipeds and the quadrupeds, and in whom all the worlds rest.93. He is also the Lord of Immortality. When Yoga is being performed, forms like snow or frost, smoke, the sun, fire, wind, fire-fly, lightning, crystal and the moon appear. Whatever body He takes, with that he becomes identified or joined or connected.112. Total 113 verses, 6 chapters. Know then that Prakriti (nature) is Maya, and the great God is the Lord of Maya. Also, at that time the Saguna Brahman, (God with attributes), used to be called by different names, each indicating a particular manifestation of Brahman. In the infinite wheel of Brahman in which everything lives and rests, the pilgrim-soul, or the reincarnating self is whirled about when it thinks that it and the supreme Ruler are different or separate. 5 Nāciketas in the Abode of Yama Vājaśravasa sent Nāciketas to the abode of Yama in order to keep his word. No one can grasp Him above or across, or in the middle. Higher than the personal God is the supreme Brahman, who is infinite, who is concealed within all beings according to their bodies and who is the only pervader of the whole universe. Just as children sit round their mother, hungry, and asking for food, all beings in creation shall sit round this Person, He is all-knowing, and He is the Time of time (destroyer of time). He creates the universe and knows the universe. 363-405 Only when the impossible becomes possible, such as the sky being rolled up by men, will misery cease, unless God has been realised in the heart. %PDF-1.4 %���� as the major dhyAn yog in Bhagvad Gita chapter 6. He is the soul (Hamsa) who sports in the outside world. 'Ten fingers' means endless. It is the indestructible. Those who know Him through intuition, thus abiding in the heart, become immortal.100. Dwelling on the same tree, the individual soul gets entangled and feels miserable. The fearful currents are the currents of Raga, Dvesha (likes and dislikes), Vasanas or subtle desires and Trishna (craving) which hurl down man into the ocean of births and deaths.39. He is without parts, also. He creates all the worlds and maintains and finally withdraws them into Himself.51. Concentrating first the mind and the senses upon Brahman for realising the Truth, may Savitri, having seen the illuminating fire (of wisdom), bring it out of the earth (matter in general).28. From Him the ancient wisdom has proceeded.98. It gets its name from Rishi Svetasvatara who taught the truth contained in it to his disciples. That which is beyond this world is without form and without suffering. Brahman envelopes the whole world on all sides and extends beyond it to infinity. Deign to protect me for ever with Thy benevolent face.101. He has entered into the womb. Therefore he is asked to meditate on a being of the size of a thumb, in his heart, to begin with.64. He pervades all and He is the Inner Soul of all beings. Read the 108 Upanishads which helps you better understand the universal spirit (Brahman) and an … Though He is really the Lord of life, He becomes bound by the three Gunas, assumes various forms, and wanders about through the three paths on account of his own actions.109. V-1: Ignorance leads to the perishable. There is nothing higher than or different from Him, nothing greater or more minute than He. That God, the creator of the universe, the supreme soul, always dwells in the heart of all beings, being limited by the heart, intellect and mind. Additional Information. The triad are the world, the individual soul and the supreme Soul. (1.3)The Supreme Lord appears as Isvara, omniscient and omnipotent, and as the jiva, of limited knowledge and power, both unborn. TORRENT download. Thou art the dark blue fly. Svetasvatara Upanishad also overcomes the dualism of Purusha and Prakriti of the Sankhya philosophy. In Him Brahma-Rishis and the deities merge themselves. Author: Swami Tyagisananda gets its name from the sage Svetäs''vatara who is said to have taught it to his disciples (vide Mantra 21 of chap. Thou art the green parrot with red eyes. May Rudra the creator and supporter of the Gods, the great seer, the Lord of all, who saw Hiranyagarbha being born, endow us with pure or auspicious intellect.92. Having controlled the senses, through which the heaven is attained, with the mind and the intellect let Savitri cause them to manifest the divine infinite Light.30. But it is the glory of God by which the Brahma-wheel revolves.118. Subtle as the point of a needle, brilliant like the sun, He alone is perceived even as another (different from the universal Soul) of the size of a thumb, endowed with egoism and will, on account of the limitation of the intellect and heart.110. This is drinking Soma juice.35. 1. Thou art He from whom all the worlds are born.82. 1409.Thousand heads: This indicates that the Lord (Virat-Purusha) possesses countless heads. No action (or effort) or organ (Karanam) of His is found. The sixteen end-parts are sixteen modifications or Vikritis, viz. It presents a mixture of Vedanta, Sankhya and Yoga tenets.2. There is one unborn being, a female of red, white, and black colours, who produces many offsprings like herself. I know this mighty Being (Purusha) who shines effulgent like the sun beyond darkness. Knowing Him truly one overcomes death. See, the words used by the OP are such a common concept, that they could be just about any shlok from any upanishad, and the core of what Shri KRshNa instructs. He knows everything in detail. He who realises Him, who is subtler than the subtlest, who creates the world in the midst of chaos, who assumes many forms, who is the only one that envelopes the world, the blissful one (Siva), attains infinite peace.94. 0000002327 00000 n We invoke Thee always with offering.Adhyaya FiveThe Hidden Truth102. By meditating on Him one attains the third state, viz., universal Lordship at the dissolution of the body. The one God is hidden in all beings. He who rules alone by His powers, who rules all the worlds by His powers, who is one and the same at the time of creation and dissolution of the world they who know Him become immortal.50. He, who is the one source of the world, brings the maturity of the nature of all and leads creatures who can be brought to maturity, to perfection, and endows each being with its distinguishing qualities, and rules this whole universe.107. Overcomes the dualism of Purusha and Prakriti of the bondage, the Lord is necessary for realisation... 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