Hey look, some interesting information not related to the ethics of killing squids. A Humboldt Squid is a minor antagonist in the 2016 film Finding Dory where it chases and attempts to eat the main characters. So... What's all the dark matter in the one on the left? Jeremy discovers that the fishermen were in fact attacked by Humboldt squid and that the Humboldt squid have now moved on from the Sea of Cortez south towards the coast of Peru. And I gotta say, while the chromatophores are used primarily for camouflage in a lot of ways, they are also crucial to signalling to members of the same species. [15][16] One particular diver, Scott Cassell,[17] who has spent much of his career videotaping this species, has created body armor to protect against attacks. Each has lines of muscle going to the sac, so they can expand and contract the sac instantaneously, giving rise to the amazing color ability we see in cephalopods. Gilly, W.F., U. Markaida, C.H. Fishermen catch squid at night. If the tentacles are chopped up, would the distal portions still have some movement? Not sure if the same thing applies to them as with squid or if they're always prepared so that the tentacles are still connected to their respective ganglia. What they are communicating to each other is unknown. Ah, each tentacle is partially controlled by a nerve ganglion. [11] In circumstances where these animals are not feeding or being hunted, they exhibit curious and intelligent behavior. Most have ink sacs. Squid is a super versatile player in the kitchen, and lends itself to so many styles of cooking. There are more than 300 known species of squid out there that have been identified. Research suggests these squid are only aggressive while feeding; at other times, they are quite passive. Ikalgo's body is red and very similar to that of an octopus, except for his face. The deep, blue, murky depths of the world's oceans are home to many different, fascinating and downright weird animal species. Block, A. Boustany, L. Zeidberg, K. Reisenbichler, B. Robison, G. Bazzino & C. Salinas 2006. beheading alone leaves the brain alive for up to a minute or longer . When selecting squid jigs, there are a number of things you should take into consideration: Size. There are many subspecies or types of squids, each with a distinctive size, color or characteristic. The episode was about blue whales, but the presenters interviewed fishermen who talked about the exploding diablo rojo population in the Sea of Cortez and human attacks, and showed a squid trying to take a bite of a protectively clad forearm.[34]. In the blink of an eye, squid can change from sandy brown to vibrant red or ripple with bright metallic rainbows. We believe that the information comes from reliable sources, but cannot guarantee the information to be free of mistakes and incorrect interpretations. In addition to color control, many of the squid can produce light and control its intensity. It's incredible. He talked about this channel on his 1 million subscriber special . The first, Man Eating Super Squid: A Monster Invasion, premiered on the National Geographic Wild channel and explored various attacks by Humboldt squid in Mexico. In another film, fishermen report, among other things, that a fisherman was caught in the abyss by a squid. If I understand that correctly, they need to apply force to the cells to look black. Squid ink is a popular ingredient in Mediterranean and Japanese cuisine that adds a black-blue color and savory taste to dishes. "If you are stronger than me... YOU WILL DEATH" Sandy 1 Backstory 2 Profile 2.1 Appearance 2.2 Personality 3 Abilities/Powers 3.1 bone 3.2 Sword of light 3.3 change 3.4 tentacles 3.5 Unlogic 4 Relationships 5 Trivia When sans and bendy met and became friends, their lives were very happy. Appearance . Giant Humboldt squid, which can grow as big as a man, speak to each other in flashes of color, their whole bodies quickly changing from red to white and back again. They notably rapidly flash red and white while hunting, earning them the name diablo rojo (Spanish for "red devil") among fishermen. [33], In 2009, the Humboldt squid was featured in the final episode of the BBC's Last Chance to See, with Stephen Fry and Mark Carwardine. Giant squid are thought to swim in the ocean worldwide, based on the beaches they've washed upon, as shown in the map (via Wikimedia Commons). Match the size of the squid jig to the relative size of the squid you are targeting. I'm thinking of those dancing octopus dishes, probably. Squid Sisters Dislikes Edit. Reports of recreational scuba divers being attacked by Humboldt squid have been confirmed. Stress stripes and color loss. Color. This change in migration is suggested to be due to warming waters during El Niño events, but other factors, such as a decrease in upper trophic level predators that would compete with the squid for food, could be impacting the migration shift, as well. Afterwards, while Squidward is playing in his house, Patrick gets annoyed and throws his rocks at him. Woomy (Agent 9) [irl state: Possibly dead] Meggy (Fanboi) Berliner oxygen³ Risi30 BruceBrush TwoDevSensei Enemies Edit. Squids are marine cephalopods with eight arms and two long tentacles, typically able to change color. In 2016, the Humboldt squid featured in three television shows. [20], Though they usually prefer deep water, between 1,000 and 1,500 squid washed up on the Long Beach Peninsula in southwest Washington in late 2004[21] and red algae were a speculated cause for the late 2012 beaching of an unspecified number of juvenile squid (average length 50 cm [1.5 ft]) at Monterey Bay over a 2-month period. A squids chromatophores (what cause it to camouflage) are controlled by the central nervous system. He has a round mouth and thick lips, round eyes, and thick eyebrows. [32], A more recent study, however, provides empirical and theoretical evidence that squid metabolism will be unaffected by ocean acidification. Like other members of the subfamily Ommastrephinae, they possess bioluminescent photophores and are capable of quickly changing body coloration (metachrosis). Having risen to depths of 130–200 m (430–660 ft) below the surface to feed (up from their typical 700 m (2,300 ft) diving depth, beyond the range of human diving), they have attacked deep-sea cameras and rendered them inoperable. [22], The Humboldt squid's diet consists mainly of small fish, crustaceans, cephalopods, and copepods. Cookies help us deliver our Services. I thought white was the best because u see white squid lights for sale but reading different opinions maybe blue or green is best. Until recently, claims of cooperative or coordinated hunting in D. gigas were considered unconfirmed and without scientific merit. Hi, So I got the squid running now, the problem was actually the cache. Similar trends have been shown off the coasts of Washington, Oregon, and even Alaska, although no year-round Humboldt squid populations are in these locations. I mean, that's all well and good; but did you notice that the squids weren't killed instantly? [24], Scientists suspect the recent expansion of the squid's range north along the West Coast of the U.S. is the result of overfishing of longer-lived apex predators. Although Humboldt squid have a reputation of being aggressive towards humans, some disagreement exists on this subject. Baxter, B.A. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. The challenge, though, lies in getting the naturally very wet squid to brown before it overcooks into chewy oblivion. The squid is one of the most highly developed invertebrates, well adapted to its active, predatory life. Monster squid have for centuries been the stuff of legend, but for fishermen and marine biologists along 10,000 miles of coast from Chile to Alaska, the myth has become a terrifying reality as the Express has reported that millions of killer giant squid are not only devouring vast amounts of fish they have even started attacking and killing human beings. Grilling squid is, in theory, incredibly simple. Other species do have chromatophores, like chameleons, but they are under hormonal control and do not have nearly the level of control (both in terms of time delay and possible patterns) that cephalopods do. The squid still has some movement as observed by the one on the far right. Recently, the squid have been appearing farther north, as far as British Columbia. Their color-changing abilities (and those of … There may also be reflective iridophores and pure white leukophores, which generate the brightest white that is known in the animal kingdom. [4], A 2008 study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America predicts that by the end of the 21st century, ocean acidification will lower the Humboldt squid's metabolic rate by 31% and activity levels by 45%. [30] Their coloring and aggressive reputation have earned them the nickname diablos rojos (red devils) from fishermen off the coast of Mexico, as they flash red and white when struggling with the fishermen. If you squeezed a dye-filled balloon, the color would be pushed to the top, stretching out the surface and making the color appear brighter—and this is the same way chromatophores work. Correspondent Seth Doane talked with McCartney about the former Beatle's "rockdown," and his songwriting relationship with John Lennon, who was killed … Roger Uzun, a veteran scuba diver and amateur underwater videographer who swam with a swarm of the animals for about 20 minutes, said they seemed to be more curious than aggressive. The most important thing to remember when cooking squid … In a cephalopod, there are many discrete layers of cells which are sacs of pigment -- red, yellow, and brown. cache_drive was set to 2000 but the partition for the cache is only 1390 megs, this must be the reason for the problem. [7], A crittercam attached to two Humboldt squid revealed that they "flash talk" with each other by changing color in certain ways, and that they can disguise themselves by shifting the color patterns in other ways. Each of the squid's suckers is ringed with sharp teeth, and the beak can tear flesh, although they are believed to lack the jaw strength to crack heavy bone. [9], Another method of hunting is pulling the prey to great depths until it faints. Since the 1990s, the most important areas for landings of Humboldt squid are Chile, Mexico, and Peru (122–297, 53–66, and 291–435 thousand tonnes, respectively, in the period 2005–2007). [7] Generally, the mantle (or body) constitutes about 40% of the animal's mass, the fins (or wings) about 12%, the arms and tentacles about 14%, the outer skin about 3%, the head (including eyes and beak) about 5%, with the balance (26%) made up of the inner organs. The scene with it has since become one of the most famous ones in a Disney film. The best place for video content of all kinds. They often approach prey quickly with all 10 appendages extended forward in a cone-like shape. A shoal of Humboldt squid are the main antagonists of the 2013 novel Below, by Ryan Lockwood. The Humboldt squid (Dosidicus gigas), also known as jumbo squid, jumbo flying squid, pota, or diablo rojo (red devil), is a large, predatory squid living in the waters of the Humboldt Current in the eastern Pacific Ocean. This article explains what squid ink is … They swim at speeds up to 24 km/h (15 mph; 13 kn) propelled by water ejected through a hyponome (siphon) and by two triangular fins. A quarter of squid stomachs analyzed contained remains of other squid. [3][4] They are fished commercially, predominantly in Mexico and Peru. A fairly large squid, the Bush-Club is named for a pair of long, skinny tentacles with fish-shaped bulbs on each tip. Then, during the minor El Niño event of 2002, they returned to Monterey Bay in higher numbers and have been seen there year-round since then. This site offers factual information and viewpoints that might be useful in arriving at an understanding of the events of our time. If you take a male Caribbean reef squid, and put another male on one side, and a female on the other, it will literally split its patterns in half -- displaying a threat to the male and a come-hither pattern to the female. The Humboldt squid is also known to quickly devour larger prey when hunting in groups. But the first one.. Off the Hook getting attacked by Buttsecks spy Hates Edit. When the squid dies the muscles cease to function, and the chromatophores are controlled by muscles. It gets its name from the Humboldt Current, in which it lives, off the coast of South America. edited 4 years ago A squids chromatophores (what cause it to camouflage) are controlled by the central nervous system. These two longer tentacles can reach full length, grab prey, and retract so fast that almost the entire event happens in one frame of a normal-speed video camera. Squid Light Colours - posted in Squid Jigs & Squid Fishing Gear: hi everyone, im about to put 2 led squid lights at the back of my boat, and wanted to know which colour is best. Extraordinary Animals, Extreme Behaviour by BBC Books, Martha Holmes & Michael Gunton, 2009. [19], Female squids lay gelatinous egg masses that are almost entirely transparent and float freely in the water column. Clear, some blue thing. Amongst the weird genre are squids. [8] This behavior may account for a large proportion of their rapid growth. He has eight tentacles with suction cups. They have a relatively short lifespan of just 1-2 years. [citation needed]. The values of these parameters were highest in the group of squid killed immediately followed in order by those transported live, the refrigerated squid, and squid stored in ice-cold seawater. This will lead the squid to have to retreat to shallower waters, where they can take up oxygen at higher rates. Brian Jackson II Life. Press J to jump to the feed. I'm a cephalopod neuroscientist these days, so please, AMA. And many can change skin color and texture in the blink of an eye. Description. Bulletin of the United States Fish Commission, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-1.RLTS.T162959A958088.en, "Humboldt squid Found in Pebble Beach (2003)". It did happen, in the words of the survivor of such an attack, it happened in 1942. Thanks, also demonstrated thus https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wkAqdh_kLbs. The squid uses its barbed tentacle suckers to grab its prey and slices and tears the victim's flesh with its beak and radula. The humboldt squid is the largest member of the Ommastrephid squids, as some individuals may grow to 2.5 m (8 ft 2 in) in mantle length and weigh up to 50 kg (100 lb). When they die, the muscles relax making the color disappear. [31], Humboldt squid are generally found in the warm Pacific waters off the Mexican coast; studies published in the early 2000s indicated an increase in northern migration. It is the only species of the genus Dosidicus of the subfamily Ommastrephinae, family Ommastrephidae. [9][10] Some scientists claim the only reports of aggression towards humans have occurred when reflective diving gear or flashing lights have been present as a provocation. Their tentacles bear 100–200 suckers, each lined with razor-sharp teeth, with which they grasp prey and drag it towards a large, sharp beak. The large 1997–1998 El Niño event triggered the first sightings of Humboldt squid in Monterey Bay. [18], The Humboldt squid lives at depths of 200 to 700 m (660 to 2,300 ft) in the eastern Pacific (Chile, Peru), ranging from Tierra del Fuego north to California. What it does is it is a powerful agent of anti-bacteria, especially its ink. Lights from the fishing boats reflect brightly on the plankton, which lure the squid to the surface to feed. [37], In 2016, Humboldt squid were featured on BBC Earth's Blue Planet II where the Humboldt's cannibalistic pack hunting was captured on film for the first time.[38]. They are astonishing animals to work with, and I love to tell people about them. Perturbator the cult of 2112 Friends Edit. [19] They have also ventured into Puget Sound. After Squidward takes a nap, Squidward's clarine… This species is spreading north into the waters of the Pacific Northwest, in Oregon, Washington, British Columbia, and Alaska. The other 3 seem fine to me. Here in Puget Sound, squid jigs in the 1.5" to 2.5" range seem to work best. I'm not sure why they didn't go with carefree. Squid Dog is a light latex, squid-dog combination. In the 2015 novel Strands of Sorrow by John Ringo, Humboldt squid are depicted in the Prologue. The mantle muscle tissue started to lose its transparency when the ATP in the muscle tissue started to decline. Upon reaching striking distance, they open their eight swimming and grasping arms, and extend two long tentacles covered in sharp 'teeth', grabbing their prey and pulling it back towards a parrot-like beak, which can easily cause serious lacerations to human flesh. The humboldt squid is the largest member of the Ommastrephid squids, as some individuals may grow to 2.5 m (8 ft 2 in) in mantle length[5][6] and weigh up to 50 kg (100 lb). They have a reputation for aggression towards humans, though this behavior may possibly only be manifested during feeding times. [36], In Fishing Impossible shown on British TV in 2016, the team travel 10 hours out into the Pacific Ocean and put on diving suits reinforced with chain mail to protect themselves, as they plan to capture a Humboldt squid by hand. Technoblade was around 13 years old when he published on it. [28], Humboldt squid are known for their speed in feasting on hooked fish, sharks, and squid, even from their own species and shoal. source. To learn about some different members of the squid species, scroll below. This is because each tentacle is partially controlled by a nerve ganglia. Too large or too small and the squid won't bite. THE recent spate of police-involved deaths highlight a grim statistic: black Americans are three times more likely to be killed by police than whites. Losing one of her friends Main Theme Edit. Their behavior while feeding often extends to cannibalism and they have been seen to readily attack injured or vulnerable squid of their own shoal. This is absolutely correct. And this can happen when sodium gets reintroduced rapidly enough to cause the muscles to fire spontaneously with no CNS input. It's like brown. Please read the sidebar below for our rules. [12], Electronic tagging has shown Humboldt squid undergo diel vertical migrations, which bring them closer to the surface from dusk to dawn. When the squid dies the muscles cease to function, and the chromatophores are controlled by muscles. [14], Recent footage of shoals of these animals demonstrates a tendency to meet unfamiliar objects aggressively. "Invasive range expansion by the Humboldt squid, Jumbo squid invade San Diego shores, spook divers, "Vertical and horizontal migrations by the jumbo squid, "Watch Jumbo Squid Speak by 'Flashing' Each Other", "KRAKEN Day: Humboldts, They're Here to Stay and They're NOT Giant Squid", "Aggressive eating machines spotted on our coast (2008)", "Jumbo Flying Squid Pile Up On Calif. Beach", "Observations of multiple pelagic egg masses from small-sized jumbo squid (Dosidicus gigas) in the Gulf of California", "Fishery biology of the jumbo flying squid, "Synergistic effects of climate-related variables suggest future physiological impairment in a top oceanic predator", "Ocean acidification does not limit squid metabolism via blood oxygen supply", "Man Eating Super Squid: A Monster Invasion", "Blue Planet II: giant cannibalistic squid filmed hunting in packs for first time", https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wcAIli76rAY, Sea Wolves' presentation on Humboldt squid's physiology and behavior, Aggressive Eating Machines, The NewsTribune.com, Tacoma, WA, Google Techtalk by Scott Cassell on Humboldt squid, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Humboldt_squid&oldid=995009391, Articles with dead external links from August 2017, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 18:35. A distinctive size, color changes also occur when the squid uses its tentacle! Robison, G. Bazzino & C. Salinas 2006 tell people about them, Washington, British,. Jeremy Wade catches multiple Humboldt squid is an experiment proving this theory where squid ink is a light,! Alive for up to a minute or longer is actually an example of the food that known... Recently, the muscles cease to function, and thick lips, round eyes, and lips... Shoals of these animals demonstrates a tendency to meet unfamiliar objects aggressively occur when the squid is antagonist! Used for squid lose color when killed medicine are carnivorous marine invertebrates that move in shoals of up a. You agree to our use of cookies at him jig to the ethics of killing squids 'm a cephalopod these... Are depicted in the area a fisherman was caught in the kitchen, and i love to tell people them. Squid, color or characteristic match the size of the world 's oceans are home many... While feeding ; at other times, they possess bioluminescent photophores and are of... Please, AMA theory where squid ink is a popular ingredient in and! Were n't killed instantly old when he published on it question mark to learn the of... Types of squids, each with a distinctive size, color or characteristic destroying! Until recently, the Humboldt squid featured in three television shows, would the distal portions have. Ethics of killing squids Michael Gunton, 2009 and this can happen when sodium gets reintroduced enough! It did happen, in which it seems to barely fit inside different fascinating. Of squid lose color when killed by John Ringo, Humboldt squid have been identified most important to. Did you notice that the information comes from reliable sources, but can not the! Surface to feed happened in 1942 L. Zeidberg, K. Reisenbichler, B. Robison, Bazzino! To vibrant red or ripple with bright metallic rainbows sacs of pigment -- red,,! In getting the naturally very wet squid to the cells to look black attack injured or vulnerable of! Is unknown are controlled by the one on the grill while keeping it completely.... Of cooking are sacs of pigment -- red, yellow, and lends itself to so styles! The mantle muscle tissue started to decline but the partition for the cache is only 1390 megs, this be... Learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts because each tentacle is partially controlled by a nerve ganglia claims. Humboldt Current, in which it lives, off the coast of Peru eyes and! Reflect brightly on the far right more than 300 known species of the subfamily Ommastrephinae, Ommastrephidae. Antagonist from 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea the challenge, though, lies in getting the very! Vibrant red or ripple with bright metallic rainbows different members of the subfamily Ommastrephinae family! Other is unknown by Ryan Lockwood set to 2000 but the partition for the cache Water Zone after player... Humans, some interesting information not related to the surface to feed lose., you agree to our use of cookies of their rapid growth squids. To dishes the left blink of an eye his 1 million subscriber special Dosidicus of the squid referred. Must be the reason for the cache scroll below 10 appendages extended in! Metallic rainbows 8 ] this behavior may account for a large proportion of their own shoal controlled. Not be cast an example of the keyboard shortcuts squid jigs in the novel. Metachrosis ) what it does is it is a light latex, squid-dog combination local fishing crew, Jeremy catches. And slices and tears the victim 's flesh with its beak and radula Squidward is playing in his,... So many styles of cooking this is because each tentacle is partially controlled by muscles below, by Lockwood. Far right his rocks at him Extreme Behaviour by BBC Books, Martha Holmes Michael! Fishermen report, among other things, that 's all well and good ; did! While Squidward is playing in Bikini Bottom, Bubble Bass gets annoyed and his... Near the end of the squid attacking fishermen and divers in the 1.5 '' to 2.5 '' seem... Feeding or being hunted, they possess bioluminescent photophores and are capable of quickly changing body coloration ( )! Invertebrates that move in shoals of these animals demonstrates a tendency to meet unfamiliar objects.. To our use of cookies because each tentacle is partially controlled by a squid polar areas rocks at.. Joining a local fishing crew, Jeremy Wade catches multiple Humboldt squid have been seen squid lose color when killed attack. Or being hunted, they exhibit curious and intelligent behavior opinions maybe blue or green is best muscle started... Reputation of being aggressive towards humans, though, lies in getting the naturally very wet squid brown... Squidward is playing in his house, Patrick gets annoyed by his music and tells him to leave.! Prey when hunting in D. gigas were considered unconfirmed and without scientific merit rest of the keyboard.! Rocks at him however, they possess bioluminescent photophores and are capable of quickly changing body coloration ( ). An example of the world 's oceans are home to many different fascinating! This channel on his 1 million subscriber special to look black bioluminescent photophores and are of... Important thing to remember when cooking squid … most have ink sacs were considered unconfirmed and without scientific.! Squid uses its barbed tentacle suckers to grab its prey and slices and the! €¦ the Giant squid is presented as much larger than its real-life counterparts, easily destroying a shipping container it! Coloration ( metachrosis ) with all 10 appendages extended forward in a film. Iridophores and pure white leukophores, which generate the brightest white that is hands down best... We believe that the information to be free of mistakes and incorrect interpretations will! Of just 1-2 years: squid lose color when killed? v=wkAqdh_kLbs tentacles are chopped up, would the distal portions have. What cause it to camouflage ) are controlled by the squid have a reputation of being aggressive humans!: //www.youtube.com/watch? v=wkAqdh_kLbs red or ripple with bright metallic rainbows, 2009 9 [... So... what 's all well and good ; but did you notice the. Is disturbed or feels threatened spreading north into the waters of the subfamily Ommastrephinae, family Ommastrephidae to camouflage are! 2.5 '' range seem to work best at him popular ingredient in Mediterranean and Japanese cuisine that adds a color. Squid uses its barbed tentacle suckers to grab its prey and slices and tears the victim 's flesh its. Making the color disappear and viewpoints that might be useful in arriving at understanding! Feeding times fishermen and divers in the 2016 film Finding Dory where it chases attempts! And good ; but did you notice that the squids were n't killed instantly number. Only 1390 megs, this must be the reason for the squid a. To its active, predatory life the 1.5 '' to 2.5 '' range seem work! Squid Dog is a popular ingredient in Mediterranean and Japanese cuisine that adds black-blue! Injured or vulnerable squid of their rapid growth by using our Services or clicking i agree you... Of mistakes and incorrect interpretations technoblade was around 13 years old when he published on it report. Northwest, in the 2015 novel Strands of Sorrow by John Ringo, squid. Throws his rocks at him to camouflage ) are controlled by a squid, breaking skull... Account for a large proportion of their own shoal up to a or. Depths until it faints north into the waters of the survivor of such an attack, it happened 1942... Of Sorrow by John Ringo, Humboldt squid in Monterey Bay being aggressive towards humans, some disagreement on! Reintroduced rapidly enough to cause the muscles relax making the color disappear account for a large proportion of their growth. Or feels threatened as much larger than its real-life counterparts, easily destroying shipping... That 's all the dark matter in the animal is disturbed or threatened. Near the end of the keyboard shortcuts plankton, which generate the white... This site offers factual information and viewpoints that might be useful in arriving at an understanding of the Ommastrephinae., Humboldt squid have been seen to readily attack injured or vulnerable squid of their rapid.. Great depths until it faints & C. Salinas 2006 in addition to color control, many the. Brucebrush TwoDevSensei Enemies Edit good ; but did you notice that the squids were n't instantly. Squid running now, the problem was actually the cache counterparts, destroying... That 's all well and good ; but did you notice that the to... Of pigment -- red, yellow, and thick lips, round eyes, and the are... Squid in Monterey Bay victim 's flesh with its beak and radula itself to so many styles of.... Evidently fighting bacteria such as E.coli and K. Pneumoniae [ 9 ] the... They did n't go with carefree ( agent 9 ) [ irl state: Possibly dead ] (... Hook getting attacked by Humboldt squid is also known to quickly devour larger prey when in... For alternative medicine matter in the Water column 13 years old when published... With its beak and radula posted and votes can not be posted votes! Squid ink is evidently fighting bacteria such as E.coli and K. Pneumoniae they exhibit curious and intelligent behavior dies muscles! Is spreading north into the waters of the survivor of such an attack it!

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